I am trying to present before you biography of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, with the help of important events happened in his life. This life story of Shiva Chhatrapati will definitely inspire you in your life.
Short Introduction: The first Chhatrapati and founder of the Maratha Empire
Date of birth: February 19, 1630
Birthplace: Shivneri fort, Pune district, Maharashtra
Spouse: Father: Shahaji Raje Bhosale, Mother: Jijabai
Grandson: Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj
Reign: 1674 to 1680
Shivaji’s Companion and Cavalier: Tanaji Malusare, Baji Pasalakar, Murarbaji Deshpande, Bajiprabhu Deshpande, Hambirrao Mohite, Vyankoji Kanka.
Meaning of Rajamudra:
The honor of this Mudra of Shahaji’s son Shivaji will grow like the first-day moon. The world will worship it & it will shine only for well-being of people.
India before the birth of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:
Before Shivaji Maharaj’s reign, Indian kings and emperors tortured and oppressed people. Kings and officials were not thinking about the country. In the south, there were powerful Hindu kings like Emperor Sri Krishnadevaraya, who takes care of the people of his nation. He was well-known for his famous country, Vijayanagara and their effective administration.
Sultan Nizam Shah and Adil Shah:
Moreover, Sultan of Ahmednagar, Nizam Shah and Sultan of Bijapur, Adilshah was divided into two parts of Maharashtra. Therefore, there was always the conflict between Nizam Shah and Adilshah. Due to constant battle, the people of this state was unfortunate and desperate. Because of the struggle of the two nations, the people were immensely frustrated.
In that period time was not feasible for an independent state, in those days, Shivaji Maharaj dreamed of Swarajya (Self Government). They have not only imagined but have implemented their wisdom, war skills (Gorilla Warfare) and incomparable politics to complete that dream.
The great saints of Shivaji Maharaj era:
Before the birth of Shivaji, there was a saint like Shri Chakradhar Swami, Sant Namdev, Saint Dnyaneshwar, Saint Eknath, Sant Tukaram, Sant Ramdas Swami. These sages taught people the teachings of kindness, non-violence, devotion, service to God, patience, and brotherhood.
Birth of Shivaji Maharaj:
Shivaji Maharaj was born on February 19, 1630, in the Shivneri fort near Pune district. Shivarai’s father Shahaji Raje was an army chief in the court of Sultan Adilshah of Bijapur. At the time of Shivaji Maharaj’s birth, Shahji Raje (Shivarai’s father) was not in the Shivneri fort. He went on a campaign to counter the Mughal invasion.
Shiva Jayanti (Birth of Shivaji Maharaj)is celebrated twice a year in Maharashtra. You say, how can a birthday be celebrated twice? The answer is two separate chronologies, one is the Gregorian chronology, and the other is the Marathi chronology.
According to the Gregorian calendar, Shivaji Maharaj’s birthday falls on February 29. Also, as per the Marathi calendar, the date of birth of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj falls on the day of Falgun Vidya Trutiya. Means the third day of the month of Phalgun, which falls annually from February to March. “Falgun” is the month, according to Marathi chronology.
Thus, Shivaji Maharaj’s birth anniversary was celebrated twice annually. On this day, the procession of Shiva’s birth anniversaries in Maharashtra. The statue of Shivaji Maharaj gets decorated with beautiful flowers. Shivaji Maharaj’s shouted slogans given in a parade. On this day, you will see huge crowds on Raigad.
Childhood and early life of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:
Shivaji Maharaj was born on February 19, 1630, in the Shivneri fort near Pune district. Shivaji Raje’s father Shahaji Raje was an army chief in Adilshah’s court of Bijapur.
Birth Place of Shivaji Maharaj
Shivaji Maharaj Birth Fort:
Education and Training of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:
Guru Dadoji Kondev started primary education of Shivaji Maharaj at the age of seven. Dadoji instructed to operate weapons like spears, daggers, sword fighting, etc. Pandit, Dadoji, and Jijabai taught them important subjects like Sanskrit, Politics, and War Strategy.
As a child, his mother Jijabai told the story of Ramayana, Mahabharata, and other great Emperors. Biography of emperor Krishnadevaraya also inspired Shivaji Maharaj. Before Shivaji Maharaj, he was the only powerful King in South India who fought for Hindu Rashtra and royalty. From his childhood, Shivaji Maharaj had all the necessary skills to become a good leader.
Height and weight of Shivaji Maharaj:
The weight of Shivaji:
During the coronation of Shivaji Maharaj, the weight of Shivaji Raje compared with equivalent gold. Britisher Henry Oxyn Dane’s records weight of Maharaj were 160 pounds 73 kg. But after subtracting the weight of the of his clothes, ornaments, weapon (sword, katiyar), held a statue of Lord Vishnu, etc., So, weight of Chhatrapati Shivaray was weighing around 145 pounds (66 kg).
Height of Shivaji:
Some historians believe that the height of Shiva’s height is about 168 cm (5 ft, 6 inches).
Pledge of Shivaji Maharaj for the establishment of the Swarajya at the Raireshwar temple:
In a very young age, Shivaray started gathering information about the secret routes, the confidential information needed for Swarajya.
Shivraysaid to his colleagues at that time, “It should be Hindavi Swarajya, this is the desire of the God.” Let’s all work together to fulfill that wish.
When Shivray was only 16 years old, he took Pledge for Swarajya in Raireshwar temple in Pune with his colleagues.
Wives of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:
Saibai Nimbalkar, Soyarabai Mohite, Putlabai Palkar, Sagunabai,Sakvarbai Gaikwad, Kashibai Jadhav, Laxmibai
Childrens of Shivaji Maharaj:
Shivaji Maharaj’s Sons Names:
Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj and Chhatrapati Rajaram Bhosale are the two sons of Shivaji Maharaj.
Shivaji Maharaj Daughters:
Sakhubai Nimbalkar, Ranubai Jadhav, Ambikabai Mahadik, Rajkumaribai Shirke
Pledge of Shivaji Maharaj at Rayareshwar Fort:
Thoughts of Shivaji Maharaj:
– Shivaji Maharaj
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s campaigns for Swarajya:
Shivaji Raje collected the faithful colleagues in the sixteenth year of age and started mobilizing armies and weapons. They started their battle from Torana. Torna fort was one of the neglected fortresses of Adilshah, and there were not enough guards for protection. As soon as Shivray got the opportunity, he took the fort with a few number of soldiers. Thus, Shivaji Maharaj established a foundation of Swarajya by conquering Torna fort. Therefore, Shivaray called that fort as “Prachandgad.”
Bhavani Sword which changes life of Shivaji Maharaj:
The First capital of the Maratha Empire:
There was another partially built fort near Torna. Shivaji Maharaj captured that fort and completed the work and named it as “Rajgad”. Rajgad fort surrounded with dense forest and was a more protected place. Therefore, Rajgad became the first capital of the Swarajya (Maratha Empire). Later, Shivaji Maharaj moved it to Raigad. Similarly, after Rajgad, they took control of several forts like Kondhana, Lohgad, Panhala, Sajjangad, Rohida, etc.
Shivaji Maharaj Policies for Relatives:
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj always considered responsibility more important than relatives. Very few people know that Shivaji Maharaj had a stepbrother, Sambhaji, he ever tried to bring problems in the way of Swarajya.
Shivaji Raje’s brother-in-law was Balaji also started a campaign against Swarajya. Therefore, he had to fight against him. At the same time, when his stepbrother Sambhaji came in his path, Shivaji captured him and sent him to another region to do their work.
Anyone came on the path of Swarajya, Shivray could not forgive. Then whether that person belongs to the family or society, He always had the same reaction for family and people.
Shivaji Maharaj’s Victory over Jawali:
After this, Shivaji Maharaj planned to take possession of “Jawali,” which was very challenging. Jawali had “Rayri” fort, and the fort was surrounded by a dense forest all along. In the dense forest of Jawli, sunlight could not reach the ground even during the day. So it was challenging to capture Rayri.
The fort of Rayri was at the height of 850 meters (2700 feet) from the seashore in the Sahyadri mountain range. After capturing of Rayri and Javali, Maharaj named Rayri as “Raigad.” Because the capital of Swarajya should be more secure, therefore, Maharaj moved the capital from Rajgad, and “Raigad” became the new capital of Swarajya.
Adilshah Attacks on Swarajya:
After acquiring Ryari and Jawali, Badi Sahebin (big lady officer), who asked the Adilshahi court, “Who will be ready for the settlement of Shivaji Maharaj?”, the court remained silent for some time, then Afzalkhan the head of the Vai came forward. He took a pledge to brought Shivaray alive or dead.
Afzal Khan’s marched on Swarajya:
Afzal Khan marched on Maratha Empire with ten thousand troops from Bijapur. Then Shivarai went from Rajgad to Pratapgad. The reason was only one, it was difficult to carry such a large army, ammunition, cannons in the dense forest. At that time, Afzal Khan wrote a letter to Shivray, requesting that, you return the forts, Adilshah would give you a kingdom and also he will give job as a Commander.
Shivray identifies the plan of Afzalkhan. Shivray wrote to Afzalkhan saying, “I am ready to return the fort, I am your offender, I am sorry. You should visit the Pratapgad because I am afraid of coming there.” Afzal Khan was very happy to hear that answer. He thought Shivaji was timid, how he will this fight me! Afzal Khan got ready for a visit.
Shivaji Maharaj killed Adil Shah:
At the appointed time, Shivaji Maharaj and Afzal Khan, along with ten bodyguards, agreed to meet. After Shivaray went to the Shamiana, Afzal Khan came forward to embrace Shivray. When Shivarai gave a hug, Afzal Khan pressed the head of Shivaji Maharaj below the right shoulder and strongly attacked with a dagger.
Shivaji Maharaj killed Afzal Khan:
However, Shivaji Maharaj was suspected that he will be suffered such an accident. Shivaji Maharaj had already had worn his armor, so Shivarai survived. At the second moment, Shivaji Maharaj attacked Afzal Khan with the tiger claws and the Armor sword. The intestines of the Afzal Khan go out and Khan falls to the ground.
Jiva Mahala saved Shivaji Maharaj:
Hearing this sound, Sayyad Banda comes in. He attacked Shivaji Maharaj, but suddenly Jiva Mahala comes and the attack of Sayyad Banda taken on his body. Jiva Mahala endured the attack of Sayyad Banda. Then, Jiva Mahala killed Sayyad Banda with one attack of the belt.
Shivaji Maharaj had given a signal to hidden Maratha forces in the surrounding forest of Pratapgad to attack Adilshahi army.
After Receiving signal, suddenly Maratha army attacked Adilshahi forces. Adilshahi army was completely defeated. This news made stress in the Bijapur. Also, this mightiness of Shivaji Maharaj made Ali Adil Shah became very angry.
Siege of Panhala:
In 1660 AD Adil Shah sent his special commander to defeat the Marathas. His name was “Siddhi Johar” who was a ruthless commander.
He surrounds the 40,000 Adilshahi army outside Panhala Kila. Shivaji Raje trapped in the fort of Panhala.
In order to surrender Shivaji Maharaj Siddhi started torturing innocent people near Panhala.
Maharaj broke the siege of Panhala and came out:
The stock of food was exhausted at Panhala Fort. Therefore, Maharaj had to go out of the fortification and go to another fort. So he planned to get out of Panhala.
It was necessary to get out of the stronghold within the end of monsoon. Shivaji Maharaj left the fort with 600 selected warriors. To escape from the encirclement was not so easy, Shiva Kashid was ready to take the place of Shivray to distract the enemy’s attention.
Shiva Kashid used to serve Maharaj in the daily work, and he looked like Shivaji Maharaj. During the night Maharaj left the place, the heavy rainfall was showering. Shivaji left Panhala and headed towards Vishalgad.
The sacrifice of Shiva Kashid for Swarajya:
Shiva Kashid dressed like Shivaji Maharaj, with a crown of Maharaj on the head, and sat in Shivray’s palanquin, came out of the fort with a hundred soldiers. In the other way, Shivray with 600 warriors broke the siege and escaped from another secret passage of the Panhala. Shiva Kashid’s palanquin caught after going out of the enemy’s vicinity. Siddhi Joher was in the misconception that Shivaji Maharaj had captured. Some of the Cavaliers and Fazal Khan, who saw the face of Shivaji Maharaj before, recognized sometime later; that he was not Shivaji Maharaj. After real identification of Shiva Kashid, Siddhi Johar ordered to be beheaded.
As the king escaped from the siege, Siddhi was extremely angry and sent Siddhi Masood with a large army to pursue Shivaji Maharaj. In the end, Masood would reach Maharaj Maharaj. Shivaji Raje falls in pain, and he thought it was tough to reach Vishalgad.
Battle of Ghodkhind (Ghod mountain pass):
Bajiprabhu Deshpande and his mastership:
Bajiprabhu Deshpande, the army chief, was with Maharaj at that time. He realized that the life of Shivaji Maharaj was in danger. Therefore, Bajiprabhu says to Shivray, “You should go to Vishalgad with half soldiers, I stay here and stop enemies.”
Thought’s of Bajiprabhu Deshpande:
Shivaji Raje was not ready to leave Bajiprabhu. At that time, Bajiprabhu said that “Swarajya is the more important goal, What happened, if I got killed, you will get hundreds of Baji Prabhu’s tomorrow, but Shivaji Maharaj will not get back.”
Shivaji Maharaj continued path towards Vishalgad:
Maharaj tells Bajiprabhu that when we arrive at Vishalgarh, we will ask for three cannons to fire. When you hear that, you leave the mountain pass and move towards Vishalgarh. Shivaji Maharaj was to chocked by the loyalty of Baji Prabhu, but he had big goals in front of him like Swarajya. Time was of great value; there were the enemies on the back. Shivaji controls his emotions took the last met of Baji Prabhu. Baji Prabhu gave final submission to Shivaji Raje then Shivray continues to Vishalgad.
Bajiprabhu in the Ghodkhind mountain pass, they started preparation to fight the Adilshahi army. Survival of all the Maratha warrior determines their place. All the soldiers collect stones, then wait for Masood and his troops.
Fight in Ghod mountain pass:
At the same time, the first batch of Masood’s army comes to the mouth of the Ghodkhind mountain pass, while the Baji Prabhu allowed Masood’s military is to arrive the middle of the pass. As soon as Masood’s batch arrives in the middle of the pass, the Baji Prabhu points to Maratha soldiers. From the height of the mountain pass, the rocky stones they collect have attacked the opponents. Marath takes advantage of the top place region to destroy many of the military units of Masood. However, because of the massive army of Masood, they finally encircle the Baji Prabhu and attack them all along. Bajiprabhu seriously injured due to the attack on all sides, yet he remains fighting in that situation.
Finally, the noise of cannons swings in the sky. A winning smile on Baji Prabhu’s cheeks, “Raje reached the fort, I have done my job, I now die happily,” Sometimes motherland asks for blood, at the same time the nationalist like Baji Prabhu spilled blood and kept the independence of homeland. I salute to such a brave warrior!
Bajiprbhu Deshpande Statue:
Baji Prabhu Deshpande Statue in Panhala Fort By Ankur P posted in Flickr and licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0[/caption]
Shivaji Maharaj cut off the Shahist Khan’s fingers:
Aurangzeb’s uncle, Shahistakhan, was appointed as General of Deccan by Aurangzeb. On the order of Aurangzeb, Shahistakhan marched on the Swarajya with 1.5 lakh troops. In order to make Shivaji surrender to Shahistekhan. Therefore, Shahistekhan started a session of looting the villages of Swarajya, destroying the temples, and damaging the crops of the farmers. make Shivaji surrender to Shahistekhan, he started a session of looting the villages of Swarajya, destroying the temples, and damaging the crops of the farmers. Then, the Shivaji Maharaj made the bold decision to the settlement of the Shahista Khan.
Shahistekhan at Lal Mahal (Red Palace):
That time, Shahistekhan was at Lal Mahal. The decision of Shivaji Maharaj had looked like suicide because going into an army of one and a half lakhs was like committing suicide.
But Maharaj was very determined, he and his companions executed their plan during the night. They entered into the crowd of the marriage program and came to Pune.
In the year 1663, Maharaj entered the fort by breaking the wall of Lal Mahala.
Shivaji Maharaj at Lal Mahal (Red Palace):
When the news comes to the that Shivaji Maharaj entered the palace. After that, Shahistekhan doesn’t understand what to be done? But he had known, that Shivaji Maharaja was respects women. So Shivaji Maharaj and his companions would not check the rooms of women. That why he hides in women’s room wearing women’s clothes.
Shivaji Maharaj’s Attack on Shahistekhan:
When the Maharaja’s companion identify Shahista Khan, the Maharaja chases him. While Shahistahan jumps from the balcony, Shivaji Maharaj attacked with a sword, in which his three fingers cut off.
Because of this incident, including the honor of Shahista Khan, the honor of entire Mughal rule had mixed with dust. When Aurangazeb heard this news he becomes furious with anger, he shouted, “Ohh Allah, What should I do with this Shivaji?”. After this incident, Aurangzeb sent Shahistahan to Bengal.
But, that didn’t minimize the gallantly of Shivaji Maharaj.
Terrible War at Sinhagad Fort:
Tanaji Malusare and his Devotion towards the Maratha Empire:
Few months after the treaty of Purandar, Jijamata had told to take Kondhana back from Mughals. Kondhana was one of the strongest forts in Pune, Maharashtra. Tanaji was one of the old colleagues of Shivaji Maharaj, he went to give an invitation to Maharaj and family. Shivajiraje had told him that, he would not here to come for marriage, he had to go on a mission to capture Kondhana.
Determination of Tanaji to went for the mission:
Tanaji had said, “What is the use of me? if for such mission you need to go”. Tanaji took permission from Shivaray and blessings from Jijamata and went on a mission with his brother Suryaji Malusare.
Execution of plan with Few Colleagues:
He started his plan to capture Kondhana, first of all, he went at bottom of Kondhana with 300 colleagues. 5 to 6 of troops started to trek from the sharp edge of the fort as there was less security for entering into the fort. Trekking of Kondhana was not a joke as it was sharp edge straight towards vale, not easy even for animals to trek. But, Maratha troops was sharp and they had a habit to trek Sahyadri as well as forts like Kondhana.
So, 5 to 6 of Maratha troops, after reaching the head of a fort, they bound wire rope to the tree and threw wire rope towards the bottom of a fort. Now, it became easy for remaining troops to trek easily and reached the head of a fort.
Battle with Fort Commander Udaybhan:
Then, the battle had begun, Tanaji was fighting with fort commander Udaybhan. Even more, Udaybhan was brave and very strict about rules and security on the fort. He was Rajput and posted on Kondhana by Mirza Jaisingh.
Buckler of Tanaji get besplited:
Tanaji and Udaybhan both were fought furiously. Suddenly, Buckler of Tanaji besplited due to strokes of the sward. Therefore, Tanaji bound shawl with hand and continued the fight, both got wounds on the body by strokes of one another.
Tanaji and Udaybhan fall down in battle:
Finally, both fell down and other side Suryaji came inside of fort through Kalyan gate. After sawing his brother fell down, Maratha troops lost their courage and ran towards wire rope to escape out from fort but Suryaji cuts wire rope and encourages to fight with Mughal troops. After saw there was no way to escape out, Maratha troops fight like their last battle and won that battle.
This battle was fought in 1670 when Shivaji Maharaj got news about Tanaji, Shivajiraje and Jijamata became sad, as he was one of the close colleagues of Shivaji Maharaj. In memory of battle contributed by Tanaji Malusare, Shivaji Maharaj renamed Kondhana fort “Sinhagad fort”.
Siege of Purandar:
Certainly, The Purandar was a very important fort of Shivaji Maharaj in the south of Pune. After looting Surat, Aurangzeb got very angry and sent the huge army with commander chief Mirza Jai Singh and Dileerkhan for assistance.
Fort of Shivaji Maharaj:
Furthermore, Fort commander of the Purandar fort was Murrarbaji Deshpande. He was one of the gallant and brave warriors of Shivaji Maharaj.
Battle of Purandar:
Most noteworthy, Murrarbaji was very loyal to Hindavi Swarajya. Murrarbaji got ready for war with only 700 soldiers. He started the furious attack, he took advantage of the height of the fort and did an arrows attack on Mughal troops. He started the battle with swords in both hands. Murrarbaji put to death hundreds of Mughal troops. Murarbadi fought with only a few soldiers but they also destroyed the Mughal army.
Dileerkhan saw the huge courage of Murrarbaji and offered him, high profile job with good salary and land as bounty.Murarabji told to Dileerkhan that,
Ashta Pradhan Mandal of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:
Ashta Pradhan Mandal of Shivaji Maharaj was an administrative body of eight elected ministers of the durbar of Maratha Empire. This council of ministers plays crucial roles in the campaigns against a despotic Mughal rule. This Ashta Pradhan Mandal is the first successful council of ministers.
Peshwa or Pradhan (Prime minister):
This was the most important post in the Maratha Kingdom. As he had all military rights, who actually deals with administrative affairs, social welfare. He had all powers that belong to a modern prime minister.
The Amatya/Mazumdar (Finance Minister):
He deals with all financial matters, also kept an account of the royal treasure of the Maratha Kingdom.
The Mantri (Interior Minister):
He has responsibility was to the kept account of an intelligent department (spy department)
The Sumant/Dabir (Foreign Minister):
His duty was to kept politically good relations with other states.
Pant Sacheev (Secretary):
His duty was to carry out daily proceeding of Durbar and to managing all communications of the King and preparing proclamations for the King.
The Pandit Rao (High Priest):
He was Head of religious matters. His duty was to carry out all spiritual functions, he was also dealing with work related to religion like fixing the date for ceremony or functions.
The Nyayadhish (Chief Justice):
He has the responsibility to give justice to the public, criminal and military affairs.
The Senapati (Commander in Chief):
He was Head of all Armed forces and defense of Kingdom. He was responsible for all activities like purchasing new weapons, selecting new troops in the Maratha army.
Death of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:
It’s again debating topic many people proposed conspiracy theories like he was poisoned. And people invoved in conspiracy were Annajipant Suranvis, Moropant Pingle, Balaji Chitnis, Rahuji Somnath and Hiroji Farzand. But there was not any proof for that conspiracy. Historians also not accept that theory of conspiracy. In last days Shivaray was suffered from fever and dysentry. At last black day of 3 april 1680 come up and the Sun of maratha empire permantly lost.
Shivaji Maharaj established a strong foundation of Swarajya. Later, during the reign of Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj, under the leadership of Peshwa Bajirao, the Marathas expanded the Maratha Kingdom from Kalikat, Vellore in the south to Atack, Cuttack in North.
Chhatrapati Shivaji’s policy towards other religions:
Shivaji Maharaj had a Hindu religion, so some people think that he was against Muslim religions. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj had treated equally to peoples of all religions.
He fought so many wars in his life but did not allow any religious places to hit in any battle.
He was Hindu so didn’t force other religious people to convert.
In the court of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, there were several Muslim nobles, soldiers, knights. Siddi Ibrahim Khan was the head of the Shivaji Maharaj’s artillery. If Shivaji Maharaj was anti-Muslim, why would he have kept a Muslim man in such a high post?
Chhatrapati Shivaji was not against any caste or religion but the injustice caused by foreign rulers. These tyrannical monarchies used to manipulate subjects in Kingdom for their own sake.
Gurus of Shivaji Maharaj:
Sant Tukaram Maharaj was the spiritual Guru (Teacher) of Shivaji Maharaj. He teached Shivaji Maharaj to fight for social welfare and not became became sanyasi at this age.
Santa Tukaram Maharaj:
Farsighted Vision of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:
It would be difficult to fight against strong enemies like Adilshah, Nizamshah, and Mughal, while in the open ground with a handful of soldiers. Also, at a very young age, Shivaray realized the importance of inaccessible forts and fortresses to fight against the enemy from all sides.
Importance of Forts:
According to the motto “Whose castles, his kingdom” he began to rule. By the end of his life, Shivarai had won 350 fortresses under the authority of the Maratha Empire.
Navy was needed to protect the coastline from foreign invasions. For this, Shivaray builds a strong Navy. Because of this, he is called the father of the Indian Navy.
In his biography, we can see the farsighted of Maharaj in the ruling. Shivaji struggled all his life for the sake of people to live comfortably in his kingdom. It is proud to live in a country where such a great King took birth!
Here you can read important freedom fighters of Indian History:
Featured Image Credits: Image Credits: Chinmaya Panda under CC BY-SA 3.0