Shahaji Raje Bhosale

Identity: Shahaji Raje Bhosale was an influential Adilshahi chieftain of the Bhosale family.
Date of Birth: 18th March 1594
Death: 23rd January 1664
Wives: Jijabai, Tukabai, Narsabai


In this article, I am going talking about the son of Maloji Raje of Verul that is Sri Shahaji Raje Bhosale. He was a General in the court of Adilshah of Bijapur.
Everyone knows the history of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. But very few people know the past before and after Shivaji Raje.

Shahaji Raje Bhosale’s Birth and Name:

Shahaji Raje Bhosale had taken birth on the day of 7th March 1919. Maloji Raje had great faith Hazrat Pir Mohammed Shah Dargah Sharif. So, in its honour Maloji gave name as Shahaji to his son.

Shahaji Raje Bhosale Family’s Centers:

Pune, Satara, Kolhapur, and Tanjavar were the centres of the Bhosale family of the Marathas. Like Malojiraje, Shahaji Raje Bhosale served in the court of the Nizamshah of Ahmednagar. In the legacy of Malojiraje Shahaji Raje got Pune and Supa region. Hence he sent his son Shivaji and wife Jijabai to Pune to manage the territory.

Shahu Maharaj’s battles:

Shah Jahan sends a massive Mughal army to destroy the Nizams. At that time, Adilshah allied with the Mughals. At that time, Shahaji Maharaj was at the fort of Mahuli. Meanwhile, the Mughals succeed in kidnapping Nizam Prince Murtaza. Shahahjiraje seeks Portuguese help, but Portuguese refuses to help. Therefore, Nizam has no choice left, except to surrender before Mughals to save Prince Murtaza’s life. After treaty Mughals had rescues Nizam Prince Murtaza. Subsequently, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan sent Shahaji to south India. At that time there was an incident in the court, in which Shahaji’s father-in-law Lakhujirao Jadhav was killed in the court. Then, in anger, Shahjiraje leaves the Nizam court and accepted service to Adilshah court.u

Shahaji Raje’s victory over Adilshahi Generals:

Like Malojiraje, Shahaji Maharaj was also very gallant. He had fought many battles in favour of the Nizamshah. When the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan invaded the Deccan to conquer the south. At that time, Shahaji had helped Mughals to defeat Adilshah in the year 1632. Mughals awarded the region won in this war to Shahaji Raje Bhosale.
Maharana Pratap used the guerilla warfare technique in the Battle of Haldighati. Being from his generation, Shahjiraj also was very skilled in guerrilla warfare.
After this, Shahji had reasonable control over the Pune and Supe.

Shahaji Raje’s Southern Campaign:

After coming to Adilshahi court, Shahjahan and Ranadullah Khan marched from Bijapur. They intended to win the southern Parganas(region) in the year 1638. They defeated many kings in the south and returned their kingdoms to them, to build a harmonious and peaceful relationship with them. Therefore, Whenever Shahaji Raje Bhosale wants help in the future, the support of those kings started to come.

Shahaji Raje’s Karnataka Campaign:

Kempe Gowda-III of Karnataka ruled the state of Karnataka under the influence of Vijayanagar kingdom. In 1638 AD, Bijapur’s army defeated Kempe Gowda-III, under the leadership of Shahaji Raje and Randullah Khan.

Shahaji Bhosale gives Royal Seal to Shivaji Maharaj:

Shivaji Maharaj needed independent Royal Seal to start the work of Swarajya and start its Authority. Then the Shahaji Raje Bhosale prepared a new Rajamudra for Swarajya in Sanskrit and handed it over to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. It was inscribed on the royal seal,

Pratipachandralekhev। Vardhishnurvishvavandita। Shahsuno Shivsaiisha Mudra Bhadraya Rajate।। Click to Tweet

This means that,

Growing like the moon of Pratipada, this Rajamudra(Royal Seal) of Shahaji’s son Shivaji rules for public welfare.

Politics of Shahaji Raje Bhosale:

During the winning campaign of Shahaji’s son, Shivaji Maharaj started the capturing the forts one by one Torna, Rajgad, Pratapgad, Kondhana, Purandar, Rohida, Panhala. Then, Adilshah asked the question to Shahaji Raje Bhosale, who was in the court of Adilshah. At that time, Shahaji maintained the situation as “As there was no fort to manage the work of heritage of Pune and Supe Paragana (region), Shivaji might have taken the fort.”
Here, Shivaji Maharaj also reports to Adilshah via reporter, “Forts have been taken to make the Pune and Supe territory functioning properly”. In this way, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj cleverly keeps up the work.

Death of Shahaji Bhosale:

Once Shahaji Maharaj desired to hunt while in Karnataka, Hodigere village. So he heads towards the deep forest, it was the day of 3rd January when Shahjiraj was hunting in the Jungle. That time an accident happened, they fell from the horse to the ground. He died on the spot due to the head hitting the ground. This news of his death spreads like the wind. As soon as Jijabai got a letter on Raigad, the hill of grief falls on her and her family.
Shahaji Raje was the most influential chieftain of India in his time. During the reign of Shahaji Raje, the Bhosle family came to prosper in India. His son Ekoji-1 or Vyankoji was the founder of the Maratha Empire in Tanjavur. He had built his tomb at Hodigere village near Channagiri taluk in Karnataka in memory of his father, Shahaji Raje Bhosale.

Here you can read about other Kings:

Kings from India

Featured Image Credits: Wikimedia

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