Hi Guys, Today I am going to share with you comprehensive article on Freedom Fighters of India. I am written this article sequentially considering Periods in mind.
The Indian freedom fighters are those who tried to liberate the motherland (India) from slavery under foreign rule.
Freedom fighters who support violent behavior for the liberation of the motherland are called revolutionaries.
Starting of Human Wars:
After the human evolution, human & animals began living together. Humans attacked other groups to meet their growing needs. Gradually his needs began to increase. His needs are no longer limited to food, clothing, shelter. Humans now began to invade another kingdom with the desire for wealth, prestige, and power.
Formation of New Kingdoms:
Human-made rules and laws for each such society according to the region at his convenience. Each Society Group’s boundaries determined in each area. Thus, new kingdoms emerged. Human beings fulfill their needs with the help of each other in society. Therefore, Human beings are known as “Social Animals.”
Alexander’s Attack on India:
Alexander departed from Macedonia, desiring to win a world. He reached the Indian border winning the areas in his route. Alexander entered the banks of the river Jhelum. During that time, the Jhelum and its eastern region belonged to Emperor Puru of Paurava Kingdom.
Kings and Indian Freedom Fighters of India during the Ancient Period:
In the same vein from the earliest times in Indian history, there have been many foreign invasions on India. Many of Indian heroes fought against foreigners, regardless of their lives. Here are some of the prominent Kings who saved India from Foreign Invasions.
Emperor Puru of Paurava Kingdom:
King Puru of Paurava State is famous for the battle of Hydaspes. This war was fought between Alexander (Alexander), and Puru. It’s one of the most important wars in Indian history.
Although the result of this war isn’t known in evidence. However, Alexander is considered as the winner of the war.
If Sikandar was the winner, then he would definitely encourage his army. In short, he would have continued his campaign to capture India. On the other hand, his army feared and got subsidence. Above all, his army requested Sikandar to return to their homeland.
Chandragupta Maurya launched an incessant India campaign under the guidance of guru Chanakya. Chanakya knew that the foreign invaders like Alexander intended to capture India.
Chandragupta Maurya worked to idolize in reality Chanakya’s thought. He conquered the kingdom of Magadha by killing Magadha King Dhanananda, proud, greedy and selfish. Chandragupta succeeded in proposing a united country in India by extending the empire to the west and north.
Chandragupta killed greedy and proud, selfish Magadha King Dhanananda. As a result, capture the throne of Magadh. He spread the boundaries of his kingdom in the North and Western region.
During the of 1st and 2nd century C.E. Satavahan kings ruled over the Deccan. Gautamiputra Satkarni, the Satavahan king who was in the second century C.E. He fought to liberate India from slavery. He was so mighty above all, he expelled all foreign invaders outside India’s borders. Because of his significant achievement, India remained free from foreign invasions for nearly eight centuries.
After that about eight centuries later, Mahmud of Ghazni attacked India. For instance, in the eleventh century CE, he looted immense wealth from India. The motive behind his invasion was to plunder Indian wealth. He did not give priority to imperialism.
Subsequently, in the twelfth century AD, Mohammad Ghori invaded India. The purpose behind his invasion was to rob the wealth of India as well as to rule over India.
He is considered a symbol of bravery, courage, and integrity in India. He countered strongly to the invasion of Muhammad Ghori. However, in the third battle, Muhammad Ghori had defeated Prithviraj Chauhan. After that victory of Muhammad Ghori, Prithviraj was imprisoned and taken to Ghazni. Then, Ghori made him blind and tortured a lot. According to Prithviraj Ravso, there was a court poet Chand Bardai. Because of him, Prithviraj Chauhan had succeeded in killing Mohammed Ghori.
Dynasties of Delhi Sultanate:
The sultanate began in Delhi after the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan. Subsequently, the dynasties of Khilji, Slave / Ilbari / Mamelyuk / Ghulam, Tughlaq, Saeed, Lodi ruled over the throne of Delhi. Babar established the Mughal Empire after defeating the last sultan Ibrahim Lodi. However, Sher Shah Suri of the Suri family managed to overthrow the Mughal dynasty and show the way to their homeland. But, Humayun succeeded in regaining Delhi’s throne after the death of his son Islam Shah Suri.
Humayun’s son Akbar came on the throne of Delhi when he was only six years old. He defeated powerful enemies like Hemu. Akbar had swept up the shawl of sympathy of the Indian Hindu kings over his cruelty. Especially with the support of those Hindu Kings, Akbar succeeded in imperialism over India.
Kings and Indian Freedom Fighters of India during Medieval Period:
Sri Krishnadevaraya was the Powerful Emperor from South India. He ruled for 20 years on the Historical Kingdom called “Vijaynagar.” In his reign Vijaynagar on its peak in different fields like Literature work, Arts, Architectural Designs, etc. In addition, Vijaynagar was one of the Prosperous historical city in India. Also, It’s well-known for Amazing Architectural Designs of Temples. Powerful kingdom Vijaynagar remained free from foreign invaders for almost three centuries (1336 C.E. to 1646 C.E.). Sri Krishnadevaraya was the most mighty Emperor of that kingdom.
He was the king of Mewad. Maharana Pratap fought against a powerful and ambitious emperor like Akbar. Akbar often tried to win Mewad with his military might. But the independent ruler Maharana Pratap sacrificed everything and maintained his kingdom. In short, until the end, Akbar never won the whole area of Mewar empire.
After Akbar’s death, his son Jahangir got the throne of Delhi. After that, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb ruled over Delhi. The Marathas continued the struggle initiated by the Rajput kings during Mughal ruler Aurangzeb.
The Founding Father of Swarajya (Self-government), Shri Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj laid the foundation of the Maratha Empire. Big enemies surrounded his kingdom. Above all, he retained his kingdom free in such antagonistic situations. He fought against dominant powers like Mughals, Adilshah, Nizamshah, Siddhi of Janjariya, Portuguese, and English. He recognized the importance of Fortresses and tried to win them. Shivaji Maharaj is known for his unique administration, guerrilla warfare techniques, and farsightedness.
Sambhaji Maharaj defended Swarajya after the untimely death of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Most importantly, he damaged foreign invaders like Aurangzeb, Portuguese, Siddhi, English. The southern campaign of Sambhaji Maharaj was very much successful. But unfortunately, due to the conspiracy of close relatives, he gets captured into the hands of the Mughals. He was tortured and killed at the behest of Aurangzeb. Although his reign was short, his work was extraordinary.
Indian Struggle for Independence during the British rule in India:
Taking advantage of the quarrels between small kingdoms of India Britishers settled in India. Subsequently, the power of Britishers increased. The revolutionaries started the freedom struggle against the tyrannical British government. According to the nature of the individual, there were two groups of activists. The first was a moderate group that believed in tolerance, brotherhood, non-violent principles. On the other hand, the second group was the extremist group.
Many freedom fighters contributed to India in the fight against foreign imperialism. In this list of freedom fighters, I am trying to summarize the actions of these revolutionaries in the Indian War of Independence.
Freedom Fighters of India during Modern Period:
Rise of British Power in India:
From the 1757th year AD, the British command of India began to increase. After the third war of Panipat in the year 1761 CE, the influence of the Marathas diminished in India. The British East India Company began to impact imperialism in India. As a result, the Marathas lost their domination over India. However, countless freedom fighters fought against the injustice of the Britishers.
The names of Indian freedom fighters are countless. There are many freedom fighters in India whom nobody knows about. Many of such revolutionaries had tried to relieve their motherland of foreign slavery.
Indian Freedom Fighters that Encouraged upcoming revolutionaries:
As I said there was countless freedom fighter contributed in freedom of India. If you remember any freedom fighter that everyone should know about. Then, you can comment on such freedom fighters mentioning the name and the information. Here I am going to share with you a list of Indian Freedom Fighters that I think contributed much for India.
Born: 1814, Died: April 18, 1859
In the Indian War of Independence, the contribution of Tatya Tope was incomparable. He served as the commander-in-chief of the Indian Army in the rise of 1857. The enormous leadership skills of Tatya Tope forced the British general Windham to retreat. He helped the queen Laxmibai to save Jhansi from the Britishers. But, his efforts failed. After the capture of Jhansi by Britishers, the Tatya Tope helped Laxmibai to capture Gwalior Fort.
Born: November 19, 1828, Died: June 18, 1858
Lakshmibai is considered as a unique example of Indian woman power. The British governor, Lord Dalhousie implemented the Doctor of Lapisi in the Kingdom of Jhansi. She fought against the British East India Company to save Jhansi. However, unluckily, she not able to do so. After that, Rani Lakshmibai fought with the help of Tatya Tope, Nanasaheb Peshwa from Kanpur, and Gwalior. Queen Lakshmibai fell dead in the war of Gwalior.
Born: May 19, 1824, Died: 1857
Nana Saheb led Indian freedom fight in the revolt of 1857. The defeat of the British army in Kanpur gave the revolutionaries a new hope of independence. Nana Saheb was a skilled leader. He led about 20,000 soldiers in the uprise of 1857.
During the reign of Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj, there was British rule in India. Shahu Maharaj did many social reformations. He had limited powers. But, Shahu Maharaj made good use of it for society. He did numerous tasks such as building dams, development in the industrial sector, development in the arts and sports fields, educating the backward community, etc.
Born: November 1777, Died: April 26, 1858
Kunwar Singh led the Indian Army contingent. Above all, he was an expert in guerrilla warfare. Also, Kunwar Singh participated in the Indian independence struggle regardless of his age. Most Noteworthy, he was about 80 years old when he led the army in this fight. Kunwar Singh was known for his indomitable courage and bravery. He struggled with the idea of freedom for his beloved motherland. Kunwar Singh had defeated British Captain Le Grand’s army.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak:
Born: July 23, 1856, Died: August 1, 1920
“Swarajya (Self-Government) is my birthright, and I will attain it!” He was known for such a roaring. Lokmanya Balagadhar Tilak was known for his rebellious nature from an early age. If something went wrong, he couldn’t bear it.
Even he could not bear Britisher’s injustice on the Indians. Therefore, he launched the Kesari newspaper to raise his voice against this unjust regime. Besides, he started new schools as part of the uprising against British rule. Lal-Bal-Pal was known as three pillars in Freedom Fight. Here, Bal was known as Bal Gangadhar Tilak. All Indians considered him their leader. So he got the title called “Lokmanya.”
Born: July 19, 1827, Died: April 8, 1857
Mangal Pandey’s contribution is essential to start the rise of the struggle of independence. He began firing on the English officers to boost the confidence of the Indian soldiers. Moreover, He used to catch the British officers secretly. The attack which he initiated is considered to be the beginning of the war of independence.
Begum Hazrat Mahal:
Born: 2, Died: April 7, 1929
She worked with Maulvi Ahmedullah Shah of Faisalabad and Nana Saheb, who were active leaders in the uprising of the year 1857. She revolted from Lucknow against the British East India Company. Also, she protested against the British East India Company for the demolition of temples and mosques. After that, she had to withdraw and seek refuge in Nepal. For the awareness of Indian women’s power, her work is one of the excellent examples.
Born: October 5, 1969, died: December 29, 1969
He was an essential revolutionary carrying out the revolutionary activities of the Hindustan Republican Association. He tried to raise funds for the organization. To raise funds, he joined the Kakori conspiracy. He did this robbery, along with other accomplices. But, one passenger was unintentionally killed in this robbery. The British government declared it a homicide and ordered to take immediate action on these revolutionaries. Therefore, ten months after this order, Ashfaqullah Khan was arrested in Delhi. After that, The British government sentenced him to death.
Born: 1820, Died: April 7, 1879
She had immense love for her motherland from a very young age. That is why she first participated in the movement when she was only a 13-year-old girl. She announced for a revolt to overthrow the British government from Manipur utterly. She fought for it for a long time. Also, she had worked as an effective leader.
Bipin Chandra Pal:
Born: November 7, 1858, Died: May 20, 1932
Bipin Chandra Pal was a renowned freedom fighter of India. Firstly, Pal was a member of the Indian National Congress. Furthermore, he had tried very hard to boycott foreign goods. He was Bipin Chandra Pal of three pillars named as Lal-Bal-Pal. Because of his revolutionary thinking, he is called the father of revolutionary thinking.
Born: July 23, 1906, Died: February 27, 1931
Chandrashekhar Azad restructured the “Hindustan Socialist Republican Association” along with Bhagat Singh and other allies. Azad was known for braveness during the revolution. Bhagat Singh was his best friend. He was wounded in the confrontation with the English police at Alfred Park. During the clash, he killed some policemen. He swore that never to fell into the hands of the British police. He kept that vow till the end.
Hakim Ajmal Khan:
Born: February 11, 1868, Died: December 29, 1927
Before the Indian independence war, Hakim Ajmal Khan was a professionally a doctor. In the year 1920, he founded Jamia Milla Islamia University. Moreover, he participated in the Khilafat movement along with other Muslim allies. Maulana Azad and Shaukat Ali were his partners in the campaign.
Born: November 5, 1869, Died: June 16, 1925
Chittaranjan Das made his invaluable contribution to the national movement. He established the Swarajya Party and tried to seek political independence. Chittaranjan Das was professionally a lawyer. Arvind Ghosh needed to be expelled from the British criminal offense against him. Here, credit goes to Chittaranjan Das for defending Ghosh in that case. He had often guided Subhash Chandra Bose. Subhash Chandra Bose was his best friend. Because of this, Subhash Chandra Bose and Chittaranjan Das are called Deshabandhu.
Sidhu Murm and Kanhu Murm:
In revolt Santal group of Jharkhand had done a great job. Sidhu Murm and Kanhu Murm had led some 10,000 Santals peoples. Above all, He had rebelled against British colonialism. Santal Movement is considered to be a successful movement in the uprising of 1857. To capture Sidhu and Kanhu, the British government had issued a reward of around Rs. 10,000. To sum up, it shows how dangerous he was for British rule.
Born: November 15, 1975, Died: June 9, 1900
He was famous for being a religious leader. He recognized that the religious beliefs of the Indians could be useful in the movements. Furthermore, he used the faith of God and the trust of people on him. He was using the guerrilla warfare techniques in their combat. Due to his sudden attack, the English army was in turmoil. Birsa Munda was captured in the year 1900 with his troops. The British government convicted him and imprisoned him in Ranchi.
She was the first rebel to take part in the Indian independence war. Then, she took the tribe together to answer the oppression of the Britishers. Furthermore, he grabbed and killed British officers without knowing them. Likewise, Mangal Pandey did the same thing after a hundred years.
He had led the armed forces. During his career, he had revolutionized the thoughts of many young people. In the revolutionary works, he had raided the police force and collected weapons. He had found arms of police forces in Chittagong. He used these weapons to carry out further missions.
He made an invaluable contribution to Indian literature. Subramaniam Bharti had inspired thousands of freedom fighters who fought for freedom. In his writing, we find a sense of patriotism. In 1908, the British government issued a warrant to arrest Subramanian Bharti. So he had to seek refuge in Puducherry. He continued his further revolutionary activities from Puducherry. Subramanian Bharti was a member of the Indian National Congress.
He was contributory in establishing the Indian National Congress. Most noteworthy, he was the first Indian MP during British rule (MP). Also, his book contains detailed information on British colonialism and its intentions. This book shows us the plan of Britishers to plunder Indian wealth.
Firstly, he was one of the most influential leaders in the pre-independence war in India. Also, he wrote the book named “Discovery of India.” Jawaharlal Nehru was very dear to young children. Therefore, children were affectionately referred to him as “Chacha Nehru.” Besides, he became the first Prime Minister of Independent India. During his career, he had adopted the method of planning for the economic development of independent India.
He was one of the young revolutionaries, whose work had a significant impact on the English rule. He gave the Britishers the taste of foreign-made drugs. Finally, at the age of 19, He had to make sacrifices.
She was professionally a doctor. First of all, Subhash Chandra Bose was a captain in the army. She worked to inspire new women and recruiting them in the military. She took the initiative to establish regiment and named it as the Jhansi queen regiment. Lakshmi Sehgal was a brave woman. In the War of Independence, she fought furiously. But in 1945, she was arrested.
Lala Har Dayal:
He united in hundreds of tribes in the Indian War of Independence. Lala Har Dayal also urged these tribes to fight against the Britishers. Also, he served as the editor of the Bande Mataram. He organized the Paris Indian Society founded Bande Mataram in 1909.
Lala Lajpat Rai:
He was a member of the Indian National Congress. Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the most important members of the Indian National Congress. Besides, he protested strongly against the Simon Commission. During this time, Superintendent of Police James Scott attacked him and along with other activists. Lalaji had seriously injured in the attack. As a result, he died in this attack.
Mahadev Govind Ranade:
He was professionally a Judge. Additionally, Mahadev Ranade was the founder of the INC. Primarily, he worked as a judge in the High Court of Mumbai. Mahadev Ranade also worked as a social reformer. He tried to stop the unfair practices of the society. He contributed to widow remarriage and women empowerment.
First of all, he used the methods of peace, truth, non-violence to protest. He had participated in many movements. Also, his Dandi yatra was a famous protest in the Indian War of Independence. Before independence, Gandhi had led many such campaigns. So, he was considered the most crucial Indian freedom fighter. Because his path has helped a lot for India in the end.
Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad:
He participated in many movements. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad was known as a great revolutionary. Abdul Kalam Azad was a member of the Indian National Congress. He was the president of the 35th conference in 1923. He was the youngest president activist at this conference.
He was the father of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the Prime Minister of Independent India. He was a prominent freedom fighter. Motilal Nehru was a member of the Indian National Movement. He was one of the leading leaders of the Indian National Congress. Pandit Nehru also participated in the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi against the British Empire. He arrested for his protest in the campaign.
Ram Manohar Lohia:
He was an active member of the Indian Independence Movement. Ram Manohar Lohia was a member of the Congress Socialist Party. He also worked in radio broadcasting secret messages of Congress against the British rule.
Ram Prasad Bismil:
He was one of the revolutionaries who were ready to sacrifice life for India’s freedom struggle. Ram Prasad Bismil served as the president of the Hindustan Republican Association.
He was involved in a famous Kakori robbery plan in the War of Independence. He was an essential member of the group to carry out the incident. A passenger in the robbery died suddenly. Ram Prasad Bismil, along with his accomplices, were convicted and sentenced to death.
Ram Singh Kooka:
Renowned social reformer Ramsing Kooka refused to use British goods and services. Therefore, he was known as the first Indian to launch a Non-Cooperation Movement. Furthermore, He realized the importance of social reforms in the anti-British movements. So, he gave importance to social changes.
Ras Bihari Bose:
He was involved in organizing the Gadar Rebellion and the Indian National Army. Ras Bihari Bose played an essential role in persuading the Japanese army to assist in the Indian independence war. He was among the revolutionaries who attempted to assassinate the governor, Lord Hardinge.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel:
He was professionally a lawyer. Another, Vallabhbhai Patel was known as the “Iron Man” of India. However, he quit his business to liberate the country from British rule. He played an active role in the Bardoli Satyagraha. He helped to make the most of the state in India. As Deputy Prime Minister of Independent India, he played an essential role in the unification of India.
Along with his friend Chandrasekhar Azad and other colleagues, he founded the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Above all, Bhagat Singh threw a bomb in the assembly to wake up the British government. Most Noteworthy thing is that Bhagat Singh’s intention was not to kill anyone in the assembly hall. He only wants to make the realization to Britishers for the injustice they had done on Indians.
Finally, He sentenced to death at the age of 30. Bhagat Singh is considered a symbol of courage, bravery, and sacrifice in India. His sacrifice to the country is still making every Indian aware of their responsibility towards the country.
He was a close friend of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev. Rajguru was an essential member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
He joined in a plan to kill James Scott to avenge Lalaji’s death. James Scott was responsible for the death of Lalaji. But, in this case, James Superintendent of Police James Sanders was accidently assassinated.
Subhash Chandra Bose:
Subhash Chandra Bose was a popular leader in India. Therefore, he was called Netaji. Firstly, He was the leader of the Congress Youth Association. Also, he was elected president of the Indian National Congress from 1937 to 1939.
Furthermore, he established the National Armed Forces. Additionally, he inspired many young freedom fighters.
Quotes of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose:
“Let’s go to Delhi.”
“You give me blood; I will give you freedom!”
He acted as an associate of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru. Also, he was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Sukhdev and his other comrades were also involved in the murder of John Sanders. As a result, Sukhdev, along with friend Bhagat Singh, Rajguru were also arrested. At the age of 8, he sentenced to death.
He considered as the lighthouse of Indian politics. Surendranath Banerjee was the founder of the Indian Liberation Federation. Also, he founded the Indian National Association. He launched the newspaper “The Bengali” to protest against the British government. Surendranath Banerjee arrested in 1883 for publishing anti-British criticism. Surendranath Banerjee elected as president of the Congress in 1895 and 1902.
Alluri Sitaram Raju:
He started a session of killing one British military officer after another. Along with his accomplices, he raided the police station. Additionally, he seized a large quantity of ammunition from it. Furthermore, He started the Rampa uprising in 1979 to protest a law approved by the British government.
Vinayak Damodarao Savarkar:
He was well known as Swatantryaveer Savarkar among Indian people. First of all, He was a noted author who wrote the book called “Indian War of Independence.” In this book, we can see that he describes the struggle of the revolutionaries in 1857. Above all, He founded the Abhinav Bharat Society. Furthermore, Savarkar was also the founder of the “Free India Society.” Savarkar was a tremendous and indispensable freedom fighter in the Indian independence war.
Bhim Sen Sachar:
He was professionally a lawyer. Other revolutionaries Inspired him a lot. Additionally, he entered the Indian National Congress at a very young age. Above all, he was the secretary of the “Punjab Committee.” In particular, His struggle for independence continued even after India’s independence. Because they were opposed to Indira Gandhi’s dictatorship. Therefore, in post-independence India, the voices against Indira Gandhi came into great difficulty.
Bhim Sen Sachar:
He was professionally a lawyer. Other revolutionaries Inspired him a lot. Additionally, he entered the Indian National Congress at a very young age. Above all, he was the secretary of the “Punjab Committee.” In particular, His struggle for independence continued even after India’s independence. Because he was opposed to Indira Gandhi’s dictatorship. Therefore, the voices against Indira Gandhi came into great difficulty after post-independence India.
His real name was Jivataram Bhagwan Das Kripalani. He was a Gandhian socialist and a freedom activist. Being a follower of Gandhiji, he had actively involved in many movements. He participated in essential movements like non-cooperation movement, salt satyagraha, civil disobedience, and the quit India movement.
Arun Asaf Ali:
He was an activist as well as a member of the Congress party. Arun Asaf Ali had involved in the Quit India Movement as well as in the Salt Satyagraha. He had hoisted the INS (Indian National Movement) flag in Mumbai during the Quit India Movement.
Arun Asaf Ali has made his contribution from time to time because of his patriotism. He was not only often arrested but also suffered imprisonment until 1931. After that, he released from political prisoners under the Gandhi Irwin Agreement. He never shows deferment during the freedom struggle.
Jitendra Mohan Sengupta:
As a lawyer he contributed to the freedom struggle through his business. He saved many revolutionaries from being executed. Jitendra Mohan Sengupta participated in the Non-cooperation Movement and the Indian National Congress. He, too, was arrested many times during his career. Jitendra Mohan Sengupta died in a jail in Ranchi.
Madan Mohan Malviya:
Firstly, He was an essential member of the Non-cooperation Movement. Also, he twice chaired the Indian National Congress. Malviya was the central figure in the protest against the Simon Commission in 1928. Furthermore, he arrested for participating in the Civil Disobedience Movement on April 25, 1932.
The most noteworthy thing is Nellie Sengupta was a British citizen. Her full name was Edith Ellen Gray. Another thing is She married to Jatindra Sengupta. After that, she stayed in India and fought against the unjust British rule. Also, She had participated in the non-cooperation movement. For this, she often faced imprisonment.
Pandit Balakrishna Sharma:
He was professionally a journalist. Pandit Balakrishna Sharma had a significant contribution in preparing many young freedom fighters. He inspired many Indian citizens and converted them into freedom fighters. Above all, Pandit Balakrishna Sharma was arrested at least six times during his career. Sharma participated in many movements. Another thing is Balakrishna was also a member of the Indian Independence Movement.
The British Government declared him “dangerous prisoners,” indicating the importance of their work.
She was the founder of the “All India Women Congress” in the pre-independence era. After that, She became a member of the “Quit India Movement.” At the time of partition, she became Gandhi’s colleague. She was an essential leader of independent India. Moreover, she became the first woman CM of the country.
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur:
She was the co-founder of the All India Women Congress in 1930. She was an essential member of the Dandi Yatra of Gandhiji. Also, she was involved in the Quit India Movement. Finally, She imprisoned for her participation in both the movements.
E. M. S. Nambudaripath:
First of all, he was a co-founder of the Congress Socialist Party. His original full name was Elam Kulam Manakkal Shankarani Nambudaripath. He named after the first initial letter of his name. So, he was famous by E. M. S. Also, E. M. S was also a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi. Subsequently, he became the first Chief Minister of Kerala. His thoughts were a Communist. He was also called a devoted Hindu. During his college years, he was an activist in the Indian National Congress. So, his participation in the Indian independence movement was remarkable.
She was a member of the Indian National Congress. She was an adventurer from an early age. Firstly, Pushpalata Das began her revolutionary work from a young age. Also, she tried to gather school girls to protest against Bhagat Singh’s death sentence. As a result, they had expelled from the school at that time. After that, she took part in Quit India and civil disobedience movements. She also arrested for participating in those movements.
He was renowned as a unique author. He wrote individual books like “Jaisalmer Ka Gundaraj” and “Azadi Ke Deewane.” As a result of protests agains British imperial he was expelled from Jaisalmer and Hyderabad. Sagarmal Gopa was imprisoned and tortured to death at the age of 46.
Madam Bhikaji Kama:
He was one of the great freedom fighters in the Indian Liberation War. Primarily, he also worked to promote freedom movement outside India. After participating in the international convention, he achieved the honour to hoist the Indian flag. He had left his luxury life to serve his motherland and lived in the forest.
Damodar Hari Chafeker:
The Bubonic plague had spread to Pune in 1896. So, the British Government has set up a special committee to prevent the spread of deadly diseases like the plague. W. C. Rand was the chairman of this committee. Damodar Hari Chafaker and his brother Balakrishna Hari Chafeker killed Rand. Hence, the Chafeker brothers were arrested for the murder of Rand. Finally, he was then sentenced to death.
Balakrishna Hari Chafekar:
To fight the plague of Pune, the English Government formed a committee. He and his brother Damodar Hari Chafekar together kill Rand.
Rand abused administrative power forcibly inspected women in public. Therefore, Chafaker brother had planned to kill Rand to answer for that misconduct.
Baba Gurdit Singh:
The fight from abroad must also be fought to make Indian independence genuinely successful. In the meantime, countries like the US and Canada forbade the entry of Asians. To alter the laws of those countries, Gurdit Singh began his trip to Canada. He also participated in the Komagata event there.
He was one of the most crucial freedom fighters who participated in the Indian independence movement. Above all, Udham Singh took revenge of Jallianwala Bagh massacre that took place on March 13, 1940. So, he had assassinated Sir Michael O’Dwyer as the cause of the shootings. Finally, Udham Singh was convicted for this and was sentenced to death.
Shyamji Krishna Verma:
He had thoughts just like Gurdit Singh. Firstly, he also fought from outside India. Shyamji Krishna Verma worked to inspire Indian freedom fighters and revolutionaries. Furthermore, he founded “The Indian Sociologist,” “Indian Home Rule Society,” “India House” in the city of London.
Ganesh Shankar Vidhyarthi:
He was professionally worked as journalist. On other hands, he was a vital leader of the Indian National Congress. Also, he was actively involved in many movements. Ganesh Shankar was a prominent member of Gandhiji’s non-cooperation movement. Furthermore, he was a close associate of the great revolutionary Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekhar Azad. Due to his revolutionary activities, he faced imprisonment in 1920.
He was a very famous freedom fighter. Professionally Bhulabhai Desai was a lawyer. During World War II, he defended three soldiers of the Indian National Army in court. Bhulabhai was arrested in 1940 for joining Gandhi’s civil disobedience.
A well-known freedom fighter Vitthalbhai Patel was the co-founder of the Swarajya Party. Firstly, Vitthalbhai Patel was the elder brother of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Furthermore, He was a close associate of Subhash Chandra Bose. But, he did not agree to follow Gandhiji’s path of Satyagraha. His nature had deteriorated drastically during the last days of his life. He desired that his wealth should be utilized in the fight for independence. The value of his wealth was equal to 120000 INR ($1674.42[*20 Feb, 9:52 am UTC]). Finally, he dedicated all his wealth to the revolutionary work of Subhash Chandra Bose.
He started the struggle for independence with joining the Indian National Congress. He protested with participating in a non-cooperation movement against the Britishers. Also, He had to spend more than a year in jail for his involvement. He was a Gandhian, and he believed in Gandhiji’s ideas. So, as an influential leader, he became the Chief Minister of Independent India.
Acharya Narendra Dev:
He was a prominent member of the Congress Socialist Party. Firstly, Acharya Narendra Dev believed in the Gandhian elements, such as the Gandhian non-violence, and brotherhoods. Also, He promoted democratic socialism. Moreover, Acharya Narendra Dev was a leading activist in the Hindi language movement. Additionally, he was also often arrested for his active involvement in the Indian freedom struggle.
She was born as a British citizen. However, she also stood firm against the injustice done to Indians. First of all, she advocated for Indian self-determination. Then gradually, she became one of the essential freedom fighters. Afterwards, she became a member of the Indian National Congress. She also became the President of the Indian National Congress in 1917. She was a prominent member of the “Home Rule League.”
Above all, she established Hindu schools in Banaras. She made many such efforts to liberate India.
She was the wife of Mahatma Gandhi. Like Mahatma Gandhi, Kasturba Gandhi was also a famous freedom fighter. She actively protested in non-violently in every freedom movement. During that time, she was arrested several times.
She was the wife of Jawaharlal Nehru. She also was a renowned freedom fighter in the Indian Liberation War. Kamala Nehru condemned shops selling foreign goods to boycott international foreign products and goods. For that, she successfully appealed to the women for protest. Also, Kamala Nehru participated in the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi. During her career, she was arrested twice.
Professionally he was a lawyer. Joining the Indian National Congress in 1906, he started his contribution. Moreover, he successfully defended P. Varadalajulu. Gandhiji’s thinking inspired him a lot. Therefore, he became an ardent follower of Mahatma Gandhi. He also took part in the Non-cooperation Movement. Rajpopalachari was an essential representative of the Congress from Tamil Nadu.
J. P. Narayan:
Mahatma Gandhi himself guided J. P. Narayan after participating in the INC in 1929. A freedom fighter named Ganga Sharan Singh was a close friend of Jayaprakash Narayan. Finally, he left India and was imprisoned for his participation in the civil disobedience movement.
He was also among the freedom fighters who fought for Indian independence from abroad. Firstly, he started the liberation war from Germany. He was a close associate of Subhash Chandra Bose. He gave the the famous Indian slogan, “Jai Hind!”
His full name was Veludhan Champakaran Thampi. He was one of the new rebels who came to protest the increasing domination of the British East India Company. Firstly, He had participated in the famous battle of Kilon. Champakaran Thampi had attacked local British outposts. He led at least 30,000 soldiers in the Battle of Kilon.
He began his revolutionary work at a very young age. He led a protest march to arouse the British empire and realize their oppression. At this time, English soldiers attacked him. But until the last breath, he kept the honour of the flag of the INC.
B. R. Ambedkar:
He was known as the leader of the oppressed Dalits. He was professionally a lawyer. Firstly, he played a leading role in empowering Dalits in India. In India, the caste system has been going since Vedic times. British successfully created divisions among the Indians using the same caste system. The British strongly believed that it was easy to rule on people based on religion and caste.
Babasaheb Ambedkar understood this motive of the Britishers. Also, he enabled the Dalit-Buddhist movement. Ambedkar participated in many other movements as well.
Above all, he was recognized as the father of Indian Constitution.
V. B. Phadake:
The injustice happened on the farmers of India had made the lives of the farmers very difficult. V. B. Phadake was blase with his life. Therefore, Vasudev Balwant Phadke formed a revolutionary group to raise his voice against that vexatious British rules. He made many raids on British businesspeople. Because of the attack on the British forces in Pune. Phadake succeeded in capturing Pune.
He had received a scholarship to study engineering in Britain. But he focused on bomb-making skills to rid the country from British distress. Upon his arrival in India with the help of advanced skills he succeeded in the bombing of Alipur. He explained his intentions to the Indian community as well as to the activists in his group.
Firstly, he was an essential revolutionary member of the HRA. He was a close associate of the chairman Ram Prasad Bismil and other partners. Rajendra Lahiri joined the Kakori Railway robbery. Finally, his involvement in this robbery led to his arrest. Because he was also involved in the conflict. Therefore, he sentenced to death at the age of 26.
Roshan Singh was also a member of the HSRA. He was not involved in the Kakori railway robbery. However, the English authorities suspected and arrested him. Moreover, the British government convicted and sentenced him to death along with other revolutionaries.
His full name was Jatindra Nath Das. He had got arrested for his revolutionary activities. The facilities and environment of political prisoners in India are different compared to prisoners in European regions. So, Jatin Das raised his voice against this injustice. For that, he started fasting till death. Above all, that fasting lasted for 63 days. Finally, he died at the age of 25.
Madan Lal Dhingra:
He became the inspiration for many revolutionaries. He was one of the initial revolutionaries. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Chandrasekhar Azad took inspiration from him. Madan Lal Dhingra went to England to study mechanical engineering. During his education, he assassinated Sir William Hutt Curzon Wylie. At last, He sentenced to death for that offense.
Kartar Singh Sarabha:
He was one of the famous communist revolutionaries. Kartar Singh Sarabha joined the Gadar Party at the age of 17 years to protest the British Government. He attended a confidential meeting with all the accomplices. Unfortunately, one of his accomplices informed the English officer about their secrete place. After that, he executed by the British Government at the age of 19.
V. O. Chidambaram:
He was professionally a lawyer and Leader of the INC. He knew with initial letters of his name, that is, the VOC. Chidambaram was the first Indian to start Indian shipping services. Colliding with British ships, he launched such a service for the Indians. For curbing his growing influence, the British Government accused him of charging treason. After that, he then sentenced to life imprisonment.
She was one of the female revolutionaries who fought before the rise of 1857. Kittar Chennamma belongs to the royal family and queen of the princely state of Karnataka. She led a battalion of soldiers to teach a lesson to the East India Company. Lieutenants Sangoli Raina and Chennamma used the guerrilla war techniques. In one such a fierce battle, the British army gets defeated terribly.
K. M. Munshi:
He was a follower of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad III, Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. K M. Munshi’s protests often led to his imprisonment. Also, he was a member of the INC as well as the Swaraj Party. He took part in Gandhi’s Quit India movement as well as the salt satyagraha. His full name was Kanhaiyalal Manekalal Munshi. Furthermore, he founded the “Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.”
She is known as a social reformer as well as a freedom fighter. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay sought to elevate the social and economic status of Indian women. She played an essential role in the salt satyagraha of Gandhiji. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was a necessary representative of the Congress Socialist Party. After that, Kamaladevi became the party’s president. She arrested in Mumbai for selling prohibited goods.
He was a poet and inspired thousands of freedom fighters through his poetry and lyrics to fight the British rule. He participated spontaneously in the civil disobedience movement. His participation in this movement and his revolutionary poems also led to his imprisonment.
N. G. Ranga:
He took inspiration from the Mahatma Gandhiji. N. G. Ranga also led a group of farmers in protest in 1933. He regarded as one of the leading revolutionaries in the Indian Farmer Movement.
U. Tirot Singh:
He had led a group of Khansi people. He also contributed to the task of maintaining the mountains that the English wanted to capture. Tirot Singh used the guerrilla force to attack the British army due to the lack of military force. His attack on the English outpost triggered the Anglo-Khansi war.
Abdul Hafiz Mohammad Barkatullah:
His name one of the revolutionaries who fought from abroad. Abdul Hafiz was a co-founder of the Gadar Party. The party operated out from San Francisco. He also published his articles in a newspaper in England.
He was the personal secretary of Mahatma Gandhi. Mahadev Desai participated in most of the protests like salt satyagraha, Bardoli satyagraha along with Gandhiji. He also arrested for participating in the protest. Mahadev Desai was one of the members attending the Second Golmel Conference. He became a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi after meeting King George V.
He was a prominent revolutionary of the Jugantar group. The group killed many English officers. Praphulla Chaki was responsible for killing English officers, such as Kingsford and Sir Joseph Baamfield. In an attempt to kill Kingsford, he accidentally killed Khudiram Bose, and Kingsford’s wife and daughter.
She is known for his revolutionary work, also known as “Gandhi Buri.” Matangini Hazra was one of those senior women revolutionary. She protested with 6000 volunteer revolutionaries when she was only 71 years old. During that protest, British police began a fire in which Matangini Hazra gets killed. She shouted the slogan “Vande Mataram” till her last breath.
First of all, she fired five rounds of pistols at the Governor of Bengal, Stanley Jackson. But she was missed her target briefly, and Stanley Jackson gets saved. In this case, she faced imprisonment for more than nine years. Later, she was arrested again because of protests in the Quit India Movement.
Bhagwati Charan Vohra:
He was a close associate of Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev. In 1929 he rented a house and converted it into a bomb factory for revolutionary purposes. He tried brust a bomb in a car with in which Lord Irwin was travelling. However, Lord Irwin survived the attack.
He plotted to assassinate Lord Hardinge. In this case, a group of revolutionaries bombed Lord Hardinge’s horse carriage. In which Hardinge was escaped and managed to escape in the injured position. However, the driver was killed on the spot. Therefore, Brother Balmukund was arrested in this incident.
Sohan Singh Josh:
Renowned author Sohan Singh worked for a daily newspaper called Kirti. He also tried to present Bhagat Singh’s revolutionary ideas to the world in this paper. Furthermore, He was also the founder of the communist newspaper “Jung E Azadi.” His groundbreaking work led him to three years in prison.
Sohan Singh Bhakna:
He was also the party’s president and vital member of the Gadar conspiracy. He participated in the Ghadar conspiracy to launch attacks from all over India (Pan Indian). Sohan Singh Bhakna also worked for a while in the Communist Party of India. He was imprisoned for 16 years for participating in the Gadar conspiracy.
C. F. Andrews:
Charles Freer Andrews British leaders struggled for Indian civil rights in Africa for some time. This is what led Mahatma Gandhi to India. The thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi inspired him. He became a good friend of Mahatma Gandhi. He contributed very much to the Indian independence struggle.
She was the first Indian to raise his voice against the British rule at the Indian National Congress Conference in Allahabad. Hasrat Mohini was a co-founder of the Communist Party. Also, she was a unique poet and writer. Hasrat Mohini often imprisoned for her writings and promoting against British rule.
Tarak Nath Das:
He was a formidable revolutionary who fought differently. Tarak Nath Das was a wise and visionary revolutionary. He choosed a more challenging and thorny way to liberate his country. Therefore, he decided to go abroad for further education at a meeting in 1906. He left for higher education along with his colleague Jatindra Nath Mukherjee. However, his intention to leave the country was something else. He went on to acquire military knowledge in the western region. Moreover, his other purpose was to support and create leaders of western states for the liberation of India.
Bhupendra Nath Datta:
He had arrested in 1907 for taking part in the Jugantar movement. Most noteworthy, he had served as editor of the famous revolutionary newspaper “Jugantar Magazine.” He also arrested for working in that newspaper. Then, he joined the “Ghadar Party.” Bhupendra Nath Datta also became secretary of the Indian Independence Committee. He had fought abroad for Indian independence from abroad.
Maruthu brothers started a war against the British rule about 56 years before the rise of 1857. Marutha brothers succeeded in getting three districts out of British territory due to his efforts. But the British demanded additional troops from Britain to fight against them. Then, the British defeated the Maruthu brothers in two successive wars after the strengthing of that army.
Shambhu Dutt Sharma:
He had a gazetted officer and abdicated his that honour to took part in non-cooperation movement. Shambhu Dutt Sharma also arrested for participating in that movement. He continued his fight against corruption and other social oppressive customs in post-independence India.
Manmath Nath Gupta:
He was a renowned author. Also, He had well known for his writings, and for the books he wrote. Manmath Nath Gupta strives for independence through his writing. He was also a member of the HSRA. Manmath Nath Gupta also involved in the Kakori robbery. He had sentenced to almost 14 years of imprisonment for his participation. He arrested again in 1939 as he continued his revolutionary activities after his release from prison.
He Bhagat Singh’s close ally and an activist of the HSRA. He had involved in a bomb blast in the Assembly did on April 8, 1929. Batukeshwar fasted for gaining some rights to Indian political prisoners. He was also somewhat successful in that efforts.
She had participated in many revolutionary activities under the leadership of Surya Sen. Preetita Vaddar had involved in the attack on the Pahartali European club. This club affixed a signboard intended to insult the Indians. So, while arrested in the attack Pritilata Waddedar eaten cyanide to commit suicide.
He was a close associate of Surya Sen. Ganesh Ghosh was a vital representative of the armed raids at Chittagoan. He was also a member of the Jugantar Party. Ganesh Ghosh arrested because of his revolutionary work. He joined the Communist Party of India after his imprisonment. He continued his fight until India attained independence.
Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee:
He was the co-founder of the HRA. Chatterjee also contributed to the Kakori Railway robbery. He had a member of the “Anushilaan Committee.” Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee promoted the violent attitude of the revolutionaries through that committee. He became a member of the Rajya Sabha in post-independence India.
Barindra Kumar Ghosh:
He was one of the leading members of the Jugantar Party. Barindra Kumar Ghosh had also involved in the famous Alipur bombing. He published the weekly Jugantar Magazine to propagate revolutionary ideas. Barind Kumar Ghosh formed the Gupta group. The group was responsible for producing bombs in secret places.
He was a close associate of Arvind Kumar Ghosh and Barindra Kumar Kumar Ghosh. Hemchandra Kanungo also contributed much to set up a bomb factory in secret. He traveled to Paris to learn the art of bomb-making. Subsequently, He became one of many of his Russian friends in Paris, and he learned a lot from them. He gave the art of making bombs to other freedom fighters after returning to India.
He participated in many movements like Quit India Movement and Non-Cooperation Movement. He always believed that social change is an integral part of the anti-British movement. Therefore, he emphasized on social reforms. Like an excellent social worker, he was also a famous revolutionary. His revolutionary work also led to his arrest.
She was one of Surya Sen’s followers. Kalpana Dutt played a vital role in the raid at Chittagoan under the leadership of Surya Sen. She joined Pritilata Waddedar in the European club attack. She also often arrested for her revolutionary activities.
Binod Bihari Chaudhary:
He was an active member of the Jugantar Party. Binod Bihari Chaudhary was one of Surya Sen’s close associates. He also contributed to the Chittagoan raid. He was last living revolutionary participant in that famous raid.
He worked to relieve the injustice of the Indian Muslim community. He also joined Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who heads the Indian Muslim League.
He was a prominent Muslim leader. Shaukat Ali had published revolutionary magazines. He had an invaluable contribution in creating a nurturing political environment for Muslims. Thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi impressed him a lot. He had arrested for participating in revolutionary activities in many of his movements. Shaukat was one of the most important representatives of Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement.
He was an essential member of the INC. As a revolutionary, he protested against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He also participated in the Quit India Movement. Moreover, He had arrested during that movement. The British persecuted him while in prison. He also guided K. Kamaraj. Later, he became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu state in post-independence India.
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan:
He was one of the freedom fighters who opposed the partition of India. Khan Abdul was the sponsor of non-violence. His another named was Bacha Khan. Furthermore, Abdul always dreamed of a secular country. In 1959, he launched the “Khudai Khidmatgar movement.” His ideology and principles were the same as that of Mahatma Gandhi. Therefore, he did his work in collaboration with Mahatma Gandhi.
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