Hi Guys, Today I am going to share with you comprehensive article on Freedom Fighters of India. I am written this article sequentially considering Periods in mind.
The Indian freedom fighters are those who tried to liberate the motherland (India) from slavery under foreign rule.
Freedom fighters who support violent behavior for the liberation of the motherland are called revolutionaries.
Starting of Human Wars:
After the human evolution, human & animals began living together. Humans attacked other groups to meet their growing needs. Gradually his needs began to increase. His needs are no longer limited to food, clothing, shelter. Humans now began to invade another kingdom with the desire for wealth, prestige, and power.
Formation of New Kingdoms:
Human-made rules and laws for each such society according to the region at his convenience. Each Society Group’s boundaries determined in each area. Thus, new kingdoms emerged. Human beings fulfill their needs with the help of each other in society. Therefore, Human beings are known as “Social Animals.”
Alexander’s Attack on India:
Alexander departed from Macedonia, desiring to win a world. He reached the Indian border winning the areas in his route. Alexander entered the banks of the river Jhelum. During that time, the Jhelum and its eastern region belonged to Emperor Puru of Paurava Kingdom.
Kings and Indian Freedom Fighters of India during the Ancient Period:
In the same vein from the earliest times in Indian history, there have been many foreign invasions on India. Many of Indian heroes fought against foreigners, regardless of their lives. Here are some of the prominent Kings who saved India from Foreign Invasions.
Emperor Puru of Paurava Kingdom:
King Puru of Paurava State is famous for the battle of Hydaspes. This war was fought between Alexander (Alexander), and Puru. It’s one of the most important wars in Indian history.
Although the result of this war isn’t known in evidence. However, Alexander is considered as the winner of the war.
If Sikandar was the winner, then he would definitely encourage his army. In short, he would have continued his campaign to capture India. On the other hand, his army feared and got subsidence. Above all, his army requested Sikandar to return to their homeland.
Chandragupta Maurya launched an incessant India campaign under the guidance of guru Chanakya. Chanakya knew that the foreign invaders like Alexander intended to capture India.
Chandragupta Maurya worked to idolize in reality Chanakya’s thought. He conquered the kingdom of Magadha by killing Magadha King Dhanananda, proud, greedy and selfish. Chandragupta succeeded in proposing a united country in India by extending the empire to the west and north.
Chandragupta killed greedy and proud, selfish Magadha King Dhanananda. As a result, capture the throne of Magadh. He spread the boundaries of his kingdom in the North and Western region.
During the of 1st and 2nd century C.E. Satavahan kings ruled over the Deccan. Gautamiputra Satkarni, the Satavahan king who was in the second century C.E. He fought to liberate India from slavery. He was so mighty above all, he expelled all foreign invaders outside India’s borders. Because of his significant achievement, India remained free from foreign invasions for nearly eight centuries.
After that about eight centuries later, Mahmud of Ghazni attacked India. For instance, in the eleventh century CE, he looted immense wealth from India. The motive behind his invasion was to plunder Indian wealth. He did not give priority to imperialism.
Subsequently, in the twelfth century AD, Mohammad Ghori invaded India. The purpose behind his invasion was to rob the wealth of India as well as to rule over India.
He is considered a symbol of bravery, courage, and integrity in India. He countered strongly to the invasion of Muhammad Ghori. However, in the third battle, Muhammad Ghori had defeated Prithviraj Chauhan. After that victory of Muhammad Ghori, Prithviraj was imprisoned and taken to Ghazni. Then, Ghori made him blind and tortured a lot. According to Prithviraj Ravso, there was a court poet Chand Bardai. Because of him, Prithviraj Chauhan had succeeded in killing Mohammed Ghori.
Dynasties of Delhi Sultanate:
The sultanate began in Delhi after the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan. Subsequently, the dynasties of Khilji, Slave / Ilbari / Mamelyuk / Ghulam, Tughlaq, Saeed, Lodi ruled over the throne of Delhi. Babar established the Mughal Empire after defeating the last sultan Ibrahim Lodi. However, Sher Shah Suri of the Suri family managed to overthrow the Mughal dynasty and show the way to their homeland. But, Humayun succeeded in regaining Delhi’s throne after the death of his son Islam Shah Suri.
Humayun’s son Akbar came on the throne of Delhi when he was only six years old. He defeated powerful enemies like Hemu. Akbar had swept up the shawl of sympathy of the Indian Hindu kings over his cruelty. Especially with the support of those Hindu Kings, Akbar succeeded in imperialism over India.
Kings and Indian Freedom Fighters of India during Medieval Period:
Sri Krishnadevaraya was the Powerful Emperor from South India. He ruled for 20 years on the Historical Kingdom called “Vijaynagar.” In his reign Vijaynagar on its peak in different fields like Literature work, Arts, Architectural Designs, etc. In addition, Vijaynagar was one of the Prosperous historical city in India. Also, It’s well-known for Amazing Architectural Designs of Temples. Powerful kingdom Vijaynagar remained free from foreign invaders for almost three centuries (1336 C.E. to 1646 C.E.). Sri Krishnadevaraya was the most mighty Emperor of that kingdom.
He was the king of Mewad. Maharana Pratap fought against a powerful and ambitious emperor like Akbar. Akbar often tried to win Mewad with his military might. But the independent ruler Maharana Pratap sacrificed everything and maintained his kingdom. In short, until the end, Akbar never won the whole area of Mewar empire.
After Akbar’s death, his son Jahangir got the throne of Delhi. After that, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb ruled over Delhi. The Marathas continued the struggle initiated by the Rajput kings during Mughal ruler Aurangzeb.
The found of Self-government, Shri Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj laid the foundation of the Maratha Empire. In this situation, Shivaji Maharaj retained his autonomy in all directions. He fought against dominant powers like Adilshah, Nizamshah, Mughal, Siddhi of Janjariya, Portuguese, and English. He recognized the importance of Gadkot and tried to win maximum thrust. Shivaji Maharaj is known for his unique administration, guerrilla spirit, and foresight.
Sambhaji Maharaj defended Swarajya after the untimely death of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. He majorly damaged Aurangzeb, Portuguese, Siddhi, English. Sambhaji Maharaj’s successful campaign in the South made them successful. But unfortunately, due to the fate of close relatives, they fell into the hands of the Mughals. At the behest of Aurangzeb, they were tortured and tortured. Although his career was short, his work was unusual.
Freedom Fighters of India during Modern Period:
Rise of British Power in India:
After the third war of Panipat in the 8th year, the influence of the Marathas diminished in India. The British East India Company began to plant its foot in India after the Marathas lost their domination over India. From the 8th year AD, the British command of India began to increase. Many freedom fighters and revolutionaries fought against the injustice of the British. The following freedom fighters participated in the Indian struggle for independence and fought for Indian independence.
Freedom Fighters of India and Indian Struggle for Independence during the British rule in India:
The names of Indian freedom fighters are infinite. There are many freedom fighters that nobody knows about those. Many such revolutionaries had tried to rid their homeland of foreign slavery. The revolutionaries blew the trumpet against the tyrannical British government, taking advantage of the dialogue between India.
According to the nature of the individual, there were two groups of activists. The first was a moderate group that believed in tolerance, brotherhood, non-violent principles. The second nihilist was not a fanatic.
Many freedom fighters contributed to India in the fight against foreign imperialism. I am trying to summarize the actions of these revolutionaries in the Indian War of Independence.
Born: 2, Died: April 7, 1929
In the Indian War of Independence, the task of Tatya Tope was incomparable. He served as the commander-in-chief of the Indian Army in the rise of the 5th. The enormous leadership skills of Tatya Tope forced the British general to withdraw from Windham. He helped the queen Laxmibai against the British to save Jhansi. However, their efforts failed. After the capture of Jhansi Mughals, the caps helped Laxmibai to capture Gwalior.
Lakshmibai is considered as a unique example of Indian woman power. He fought against the British East India Company to save Jhansi. Rani Lakshmibai fought with Tatya Tope, Nanasaheb Peshwa from Kanpur, and Gwalior. Queen Lakshmibai fell to the ranks in the war in Gwalior. Lord Dalhousie, the British governor, adopted the Doctor of Lapisi on Jhansi.
Born: May 19, 2, Died: 1
Nana Saheb led Indian freedom fighters in the uprising of 9. The defeat of the British army in Kanpur gave the revolutionaries a new hope of independence. Nana Saheb was a competent administrator. He led about six soldiers in the rise of the 5th.
In those days, there was British rule in India. Shahu Maharaj did many social reforms. They had limited powers. But, he made good use of it for society. He did numerous tasks such as holding dams, development in the industrial sector, development in the arts and sports fields, educating the backward community.
Born: November 5, Died: April 1, 2
Kunwar Singh led the Indian Army contingent. He was an expert in guerrilla warfare. Kunwar Singh participated in the Indian independence struggle regardless of his age. He was about three years old when he led the army in this fight. Kunwar Singh, known for his indomitable courage and bravery, struggled with the idea of freedom for his beloved motherland. Kunwar Singh had defeated British Captain Le Grand’s army.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak:
Born: 3 July 2, Died: 3 August 1929
“State is my birthright, and I will get it!” Such a roaring Lokmanya Balagadhar Tilak. Tilak was known for his rebellious nature from an early age. If something went wrong, they couldn’t bear it.
Even the British could not bear the injustice of the Indians. He launched the Kesari newspaper to raise his voice against this unjust regime. They started new schools as part of the uprising against British rule. In Lal-Bala-Pal, the child is a child.
All Indians considered him their leader. So he got the title “Lokmanya.”
Born: July 19, 2, Died: April 1, 2
Mangal Pandey’s contribution is essential to start the rise of the struggle of independence. To boost the morale and confidence of the Indian soldiers, they opened fire on the English officers. British officers were secretly catching it. The attack which he initiated is considered to be the beginning of the war of independence.
Begum Hazrat Mahal:
Born: 2, Died: April 7, 1929
Maulvi Ahmedullah Shah of Faisalabad and Nana Saheb were active leaders in the uprising of the year. He revolted from Lucknow against the British East India Company. He protested against the demolition of temples and mosques by the British East India Company. After this, they had to withdraw and seek refuge in Nepal. Their work is an excellent example of the awareness of Indian women power.
Born: October 5, 1969, died: December 29, 1969
He was an essential revolutionary facing the revolutionary activities of the Hindustan Republican Association. Joining the Kakori conspiracy, he tried to raise funds for the organization. One passenger was accidentally killed in this robbery, along with other accomplices. The British government declared it a homicide and ordered immediate action on them. Therefore, ten months after this order, Ashfaqullah Khan was arrested in Delhi. The British government sentenced them to death.
Born: 2, Died: April 7, 1929
From a very young age, Queen Gaudinilue had immense love for her motherland. That is why, when she was a 3-year-old girl, she first participated in the movement. He called for a revolt to utterly overthrow the British government from Manipur. They fought for it for a long time. She was an effective leader.
Bipin Chandra Pal:
Born: 2 November, 2, Died: May 5, 1929
Bipin Chandra Pal was a renowned freedom fighter of India. Pal was a member of the Indian National Congress. They had tried very hard to boycott foreign goods.
The Pal in Lal-Bal-Pal was Bipin Chandra Pal. Because of his revolutionary thinking, he is called the father of innovative thinking.
Born: July 3, 1909, Died: February 3, 1909
Azad, along with Bhagat Singh and other allies, restructured the “Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.” Chandrashekhar Azad was a revolutionary. Bhagat Singh was his best friend.
He was wounded in the confrontation by the English police and Azad at Alfred Park. The clash killed some policemen. He vowed never to fall into the hands of the British police. They made that vow to the end.
Hakim Ajmal Khan:
Born: 2 February, 2, Died: 29 December 1909
Hakim Ajmal Khan was a doctor by profession before the Indian independence war. In the year 1919, he founded Jamia Milla Islamia University. He, along with other Muslim allies, participated in the Khilafat movement. Maulana Azad and Shaukat Ali were his partners in the campaign.
Born: November 5, 1949, Died: June 5, 1969
Chittaranjan Das made his invaluable contribution to the national movement. He established the Swarajya Party and sought political independence.
Chittaranjan Das was a lawyer by profession. Arvind Ghosh needed to be expelled from the British criminal offence against him. Credit goes to Chittaranjan Das for defending Ghosh in the case. Chittaranjan Das had often guided Subhash Chandra Bose. Subhash Chandra Bose was his best friend. Because of this, Subhash Chandra Bose and Chittaranjan Das are called Deshabandhu.
Sidhu Murm and Kanhu Murm:
In Jharkhand, the Santal group had done a great job in six races. Sidhu Murm and Kanhu Murm had led some 3,5 Santals. He had rebelled against British colonialism. The Freeze Movement is considered to be a successful movement in the wake of 2. The British government had issued a reward of around Rs. In turn, it shows how dangerous it was to British rule.
Born: 2 November 3, Died: 3 June 1909
Birsa Munda was famous for being a religious leader. He recognized that the religious beliefs of the Indians could be useful in the movements. They used faith in them and the faith of God. They were using the guerrilla war against their guerrilla war. Due to their sudden onslaught, the English army was in turmoil. Birsa Munda was captured in the year 1949 with his troops. The British government convicted them and imprisoned them in Ranchi.
He was the first rebel to take part in the Indian independence war. He took the tribe together to answer the oppression of the British. They grabbed British officers without knowing them and killed them. Mangal Pandey did the same thing after seven years.
He had led the armed forces. During his career, he had revolutionized many young people. In the revolutionary works, he had raided the police force and collected it. They had found a police station in Chittagong. They used these weapons to carry out further missions.
He made an invaluable contribution to Indian literature. Subramaniam Bharti had inspired thousands of freedom fighters who fought for this freedom. In their writing, we find a sense of patriotism. In 1949, the British government issued a warrant to arrest Subramanian Bharti. So they had to seek refuge in Puducherry. He continued his further revolutionary activities from Puducherry. Subramanian Bharti was a member of the Indian National Congress.
He was instrumental in establishing the Indian National Congress. He was the first Indian MP in British rule (MP). His book contains detailed information on British colonialism and its intentions. This book shows us the plan of Britishers to plunder Indian wealth.
He was one of the most influential leaders in the pre-independence war in India. He wrote the book “Discovery of India.” Jawaharlal Nehru was very dear to young children. Children were affectionately referred to as “Uncle Nehru.” He became the first Prime Minister of Independent India. During his career, he had adopted the method of planning for the economic development of independent India.
He was one of the young revolutionaries, whose work had a significant impact on the English rule. They gave the British the taste of foreign-made drugs. At the age of 19, they had to make sacrifices.
There was a doctor in this profession. Subhash Chandra Bose was a captain in the army. He worked to inspire new women and make them in the military. He took the initiative to establish and named the Jhansi queen regiment. Lakshmi Sehgal was a brave woman. In the War of Independence, she fought in a hurry. But in 1979 they were arrested.
Lala Har Dayal:
In the Indian War of Independence, Lala Har Dayal united in hundreds of tribes. He also urged them to fight against the British. He served as the editor of the Bande Mataram, founded in 1949 by the Paris Indian Society.
Lala Lajpat Rai:
He was a member of the Indian National Congress. Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the most important members of the Indian National Congress. He protested strongly against the Simon Commission. At this time, Superintendent of Police James Scott attacked him and other activists. Lalaji had seriously injured in the attack. He, unfortunately, died in this attack.
Mahadev Govind Ranade:
Mahadev Ranade, who is a Judge by profession, was the founder of the Indian National Congress. He worked as a judge in the High Court of Mumbai. Besides, he also worked as a social reformer. They tried to stop the unfair practices of the community. He contributed to widow remarriage and women empowerment.
They used these methods of peace, truth, non-violence to protest. He had participated in many movements. The Dandi yatra he drew was a famous protest in the War of Independence. Gandhi had led many such campaigns before independence. He is considered the most crucial Indian freedom fighter. Because their path has helped a lot for India in the end.
Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad:
He participated in many movements. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad was known as a great revolutionary. Abdul Kalam Azad was a member of the Indian National Congress. He was the president of the 9th Convention in 1919. He was the youngest president activist at this convention.
He was the father of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the Prime Minister of Independent India. Nehru was a prominent freedom fighter. Motilal Nehru was a member of the Indian National Movement. He was one of the leading leaders of the Indian National Congress. Pandit Nehru also participated in the non-cooperation movement against Mahatma Gandhi. They were arrested for their protest in the campaign.
Ram Manohar Lohia:
He was an active member of the Indian Independence Movement. Ram Manohar Lohia was a member of the Congress Socialist Party. He also worked in radio broadcasting secret messages against the British rule of Congress.
Ram Prasad Bismil:
He was one of the revolutionaries who were ready to sacrifice in India’s freedom struggle. Ram Prasad Bismil served as the president of the Hindustan Republican Association.
He was involved in a famous Kakori robbery plot in the War of Independence. Dee was an essential member of the group that idolized the incident. A passenger in the robbery died unawares. Ram Prasad Bismil, along with his accomplices, were convicted and sentenced to death.
Ram Singh Kooka:
Renowned social reformer Ramsing Kooka refused to use British goods and services. Therefore, he was known as the first Indian to launch a Non-Cooperation Movement. He realized the importance of social reforms in the anti-British movements, so he gave importance to social changes.
Ras Bihari Bose:
He was involved in organizing the Gadar Rebellion and the Indian National Army. Ras Bihari Bose was instrumental in persuading the Japanese army to assist in the Indian independence war. He was among the revolutionaries who attempted to assassinate the governor, Lord Hardinge.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel:
Vallabhbhai Patel, the famous “Iron Man” of India, was a lawyer by profession. However, he quit his business to liberate the homeland from British rule. eHe played an active role in the Bardoli Satyagraha. He helped to make the most of the state. As Deputy Prime Minister of Independent India, he played an essential role in the unification of India.
Along with his friend Chandrasekhar Azad and other colleagues, he founded the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Bhagat Singh threw a bomb in the assembly to wake up the British government and realize the injustice they had done.
Bhagat Singh’s intention was not to kill anyone. He was sentenced to death at the age of 8 after this incident. Bhagat Singh is considered a symbol of courage, bravery, and sacrifice in India. His duty to the country is still making every Indian aware of his responsibility towards the country.
He was a close friend of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev. Rajguru was an essential member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
He joined in a plan to kill James Scott to avenge Lalaji’s death. James Scott was responsible for the end of Lalaji. But, in this case, James Superintendent of Police James Sanders was assassinated.
Subhash Chandra Bose:
Subhash Chandra Bose was a popular leader in India. Therefore, he was called Netaji. He was the leader of the Congress Youth Association. Also, he was elected president of the Indian National Congress from 1959 to 1979. He established the National Armed Forces. He inspired many young freedom fighters. “Come on, Delhi,” and “You kill me, I’ll give you freedom!” They made such announcements.
He acted as an associate of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Sukhdev, along with his other comrades, were also involved in the murder of John Sanders. Sukhdev, along with friend Bhagat Singh, Rajguru were also arrested. At the age of 8, he was sentenced to death.
He is considered as the lighthouse of Indian politics. Surendranath Banerjee was the founder of the Indian Liberation Federation as well as the Indian National Association. He launched the newspaper “The Bengali” in protest against the British government. Surendranath Banerjee was arrested in 6 for publishing anti-British criticism. Surendranath Banerjee was elected president of the Congress in 1969 and 1979.
Alluri Sitaram Raju:
He started a session of killing one British military officer after another. Along with their accomplices, they raided the police station and seized a large quantity of ammunition. He started the Rampa uprising in 1979 to protest a law approved by the British government.
Vinayak Damodarao Savarkar:
It was known among Indian people as freedom fighter Savarkar. He was a noted author, who wrote the book Indian War of Independence. In this book, we can see that he describes the struggle of the revolutionaries in 1. He founded the Abhinav Bharat Society. Savarkar was also the founder of the Free India Society. Savarkar was a great freedom fighter in the Indian independence war.
Bhim Sen Sachar:
He was a lawyer by profession. Inspired by other revolutionaries, he entered the Indian National Congress at a very young age. He was the secretary of the Punjab Committee. In particular, even after India’s independence, their struggle for independence continued. Because they were opposed to Indira Gandhi’s dictatorship. Therefore, in post-independence India, the voices against Indira Gandhi came into great difficulty.
His real name was Jivataram Bhagwan Das Kripalani. He was a Gandhian socialist and a libertarian activist. Being a follower of Gandhiji, he has been actively involved in many movements. He participated in essential movements like non-cooperation movement, satyagraha of salt, civil disobedience, and quit India.
Arun Asaf Ali:
He was a member of the Congress party as well as an activist. He has involved in the Quit India Movement as well as the Satyagraha of salt. During the Quit India Movement, he had hoisted the INS (Indian National Movement) flag in Mumbai.
Due to his patriotism, he has made his contribution from time to time. He was not only often arrested but also suffered imprisonment until 1949 when he was released from political prisoners under the Gandhi Irwin Agreement. He never delayed in the freedom struggle.
Jitendra Mohan Sengupta:
Jatindra Mohan Sen Gupta, a lawyer by profession, contributed to the freedom struggle through his business. He saved many revolutionaries from being executed. Jitendra Mohan Sengupta participated in the Non-cooperation Movement and the Indian National Congress. He, too, was arrested many times during his career. Jitendra Mohan Sengupta died in a jail in Ranchi.
Madan Mohan Malviya:
He was an essential member of the Non-cooperation Movement. He twice chaired the Indian National Congress. Malviya was the central figure in the protest against the Simon Commission in 1979. On April 8, 1969, he was arrested for participating in the Civil Disobedience Movement.
Nellie Sengupta was a British citizen. His full name was Edith Ellen Gray. He married Jitendra Sengupta. After that, he stayed in India and fought against the unjust British rule. He had participated in the non-cooperation movement. For this, he often faced imprisonment.
Pandit Balakrishna Sharma:
He was a journalist by profession. They had a great time preparing many young freedom fighters. He inspired many Indian nationals and converted them into freedom fighters. Pandit Balakrishna Sharma was arrested at least six times in his career. Sharma participated in many movements. Balakrishna was also a member of the Indian Independence Movement.
The British Government declared them “dangerous prisoners,” indicating the importance of their work.
She was the founder of the “All India Women Congress” in the pre-independence era. He became a member of the Quit India Movement. At the time of partition, he became Gandhi’s colleague. She was an essential leader of independent India. She became the first woman CM in the country.
Princess Amrit Kaur:
In 1959, All India Women was the co-founder of Congress. He was an essential member of Gandhi’s Dandi Yatra. She was also involved in the Quit India Movement. He was imprisoned for his participation in both the movements.
E. M. S. Namboodiripath:
He was a co-founder of the Congress Socialist Party. His original name was Elam Kulam Manakkal Shankar with the Nambudripath. They are named after the first letter of their name. M. S. Was famous by this name. A close associate of Mahatma Gandhi e. M. S. He became the first Chief Minister of Kerala as well as a Communist. He was also called a devoted Hindu. During his college years, he was an activist in the Indian National Congress. His participation in the Indian independence movement was remarkable.
Pushpalata Das, a member of the Indian National Congress, was an adventurer from an early age. He began his revolutionary work from an early age. He tried to protest against Bhagat Singh’s death sentence by gathering school girls. They were expelled from the school at that time. He then left India and participated in the civil disobedience movement. He was also arrested for participating in the movement.
It was renowned as a unique author. He wrote individual books like “Jaisalmer Ka Gundaraj” and “Azadi Ke Deewane.” As a result of protests by British rulers, they were expelled from Jaisalmer and Hyderabad. Sagarmal Gopa was tortured to death at the age of 7 and imprisoned.
Madam Bhikaji Kama:
He was one of the great freedom fighters in the Indian Liberation War. He also worked to promote freedom movement outside India. Mann achieved the flag of India by participating in the international convention. He had left his life of luxury to serve his motherland and lived in the forest.
Damodar Hari Chafaker:
The Bubonic plague had spread to Pune in 1979. The British Government has set up a special committee to prevent the spread of deadly diseases like the plague. W C. Rand was the chairman of this committee. The killing of Rand was made by Damodar Hari Chafaker and his brother Balakrishna Hari Chafaker. The Chaffaker brothers were arrested for the murder of Rand. He was then sentenced to death.
Balakrishna Hari Chafekar:
A committee was formed by the English Government to fight the plague of Pune. Damodar Hari Chafekar and brother Balakrishna Hari Chafekar together kill Rand.
Caution curtains Rand used forcibly inspecting women in public, abusing administrative power. The Chafaker brother had planned to kill Rand to answer for the misconduct.
Baba Gurdit Singh:
This fight from abroad must also be fought to make Indian independence genuinely successful. In the meantime, countries like the US and Canada forbade the entry of Asians. To change the laws of these countries, Gurdit Singh began his entry into Canada. He also participated in the Komagata event here.
He was one of the most critical freedom fighters who participated in the Indian independence movement. Udham Singh took revenge on the Jallianwala Bagh massacre that took place on March 8, 1979. He had assassinated Sir Michael O’Dwyer as the cause of the killings. Udham Singh was responsible for this and was sentenced to death.
Shyamji Krishna Verma:
He had thoughts like his father, Gurdit Singh. He, too, fought outside India. Shyamji Krishna Verma worked to inspire Indian freedom fighters and revolutionaries. For this, he founded “The Indian Sociologist,” “Indian Home Rule Society,” “India House” in the city of London.
Ganesh Shankar Student:
He was a journalist by profession. Likewise, he was an essential leader of the Indian National Congress. He was actively involved in many movements. Ganesh Shankar was a prominent member of the non-cooperation movement started by Gandhiji. He was a close associate of the great revolutionary Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekhar Azad. Due to his innovative activities, he faced imprisonment in 1949.
He was a very famous freedom fighter. Bhulabhai Desai is a lawyer. During World War II, three soldiers of the Indian National Army defended themselves in court. Bhulabhai was arrested in 1979 for joining Gandhi’s civil disobedience.
A well-known freedom fighter Vitthalbhai Patel was the co-founder of the Swarajya Party. Vitthalbhai Patel was the elder brother of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. He was a close associate of Subhash Chandra Bose. He did not agree to follow Gandhiji’s path of Satyagraha. In the last days of his life, his nature had deteriorated drastically. They wanted their wealth to be utilized in the fight for independence. The value of their wealth was equal to 5. He dedicated all his wealth to the revolutionary work of Subhash Chandra Bose.
Entering the Indian National Congress, Gopinath started the struggle for independence. Participated in a non-cooperation movement against the British. He had to spend more than a year in jail for his involvement. He was a Gandhian, and he believed in Gandhiji’s ideas. As an influential leader, he became the Chief Minister of Independent India.
Acharya Narendra Dev:
He was a prominent member of the Congress Socialist Party. Acharya Narendra Dev believed in the Gandhian elements, such as the Gandhian non-violence. He promoted democratic socialism. Acharya Narendra Dev was a leading activist in the Hindi language movement. He was also often arrested for his active involvement in the Indian freedom struggle.
He was born a British citizen and also stood firm against the injustice done to Indians. He advocated for Indian self-determination. Then gradually, he became one of the essential freedom fighters. He became a member of the Indian National Congress. He also became the President of the Indian National Congress in 1979. She was a prominent member of the Home Rule League.
He established Hindu schools in Banaras to contribute to Indian independence. He made many such efforts to liberate India.
He was the wife of Mahatma Gandhi. Like Mahatma Gandhi, Kasturba Gandhi was a famous freedom fighter. He violently protested in every freedom movement. During this time, he was arrested several times.
She was the wife of Jawaharlal Nehru. She was a renowned freedom fighter in the Indian Liberation War. Kamala Nehru condemned shops selling foreign goods to boycott international foreign products and goods. She appealed to the women and took out the front. Kamala Nehru participated in the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi. During his career, she was arrested twice.
C is a lawyer by profession. Rajagopalachari made his Indian debut in the Indian National Congress in 1969. Varadalajulu was successfully defended. Gandhiji’s thinking inspired him. He became an ardent follower of Mahatma Gandhi and took part in the Non-cooperation Movement. Rajpopalachari was an essential representative of the Congress from Tamil Nadu.
J. P. Narayan:
After participating in the Indian National Congress in 1979, Mahatma Gandhi himself guided him. Ganga Sharan Singh, a freedom fighter, was a close friend of Jayaprakash Narayan. He left India and was imprisoned for his participation in the civil disobedience movement.
Champakaraman Pillai was also among the freedom fighters who fought for Indian independence from abroad. He started the liberation war from Germany. He was a close associate of Subhash Chandra Bose. The slogan “Jai Hind”, which he gave in the names given today, is the famous Indian motto.
His full name was Veludhan Champaran Thampi. The names of the new rebels who came to protest the increasing domination of the British East India Company. He had participated in the famous battle of Kilon. Champaran Thampi had attacked a local British outpost. He led at least three soldiers in the Battle of Kilon.
He began his revolutionary work at a young age. He led a protest march to arouse the British rule and realize their oppression. At this time, they were attacked by English soldiers. But until the last breath, he kept the flag of the Indian National Congress.
B. R. Ambedkar:
Babasaheb Ambedkar, known as the leader of the oppressed Dalits, was a lawyer by profession. He played a leading role in empowering Dalits in India. In India, the caste system has been operating since Vedic times. This same caste system was used by the British to create a division among the Indians. The British strongly believed that it was easy to rule on people based on religion and caste.
Babasaheb Ambedkar understood this motive of the British and enabled the Dalit-Buddhist movement. Ambedkar participated in many other movements.
V B. Skips:
The injustice of the farmers of India had made the lives of the farmers very difficult. Dismayed by this life, Vasudev Balwant Phadke formed a revolutionary group to raise his voice against this scandalous British rule. He made many raids on British businesspeople. The attack on the British forces in Pune by Fadakane succeeded in capturing him.
He had received a scholarship to study engineering in Britain. But he focused on bomb-making skills to rid the country of British distress. Upon his arrival in India, he succeeded in the bombing of Alipur with the help of advanced skills. He explained his intentions to the Indian community as well as to the activists in his group.
He was an essential revolutionary member of the Hindustan Republican Association. H. R. A. He was a close associate of the chairman Ram Prasad Bismil and other partners. Rajendra Lahiri joins the Kakori Railway robbery. His involvement in this robbery led to his arrest. Rajendra Lahiri was also involved in the incident. He was sentenced to death at the age of six.
Roshan Singh was also a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He was not involved in the Kakori railway robbery. However, the English authorities arrested them for suspicion over them. Moreover, the British government, along with other revolutionaries, convicted them and sentenced them to death.
His full name was Jatindra Nath Das. They were arrested for their revolutionary activities. The facilities and environment of political prisoners in India are different compared to prisoners in European areas. Jatin Das raised his voice against this. For this, they started fasting death. That fasting lasted for three days. He died at the age of 7.
Madan Lal Dhingra:
Madan Lal Dhingra, one of the early revolutionaries, became the inspiration for many revolutionaries. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Chandrasekhar Azad took inspiration from it. He went to England to study mechanical engineering. During his education, he assassinated Sir William Hutt Curzon Wylie. He was sentenced to death for this.
Qatar Singh Sarabha:
It was one of the famous revolutionaries. He joined the Gadar Party at the age of six to protest the British government. During a secret meeting with all the accomplices, one of his accomplices informed the English officer of their hiding place. At the age of 19, he was executed by the British Government.
V. O. Chidambaram:
Leader of the Indian National Congress V.O. Chidambaram was a lawyer by profession. They came up with the first name of their name, that is, the VOC. He was famous by this name. Chidambaram was the first Indian to start shipping services by Indian ships. He launched such a service for the Indians by colliding with British ships. The British government accused them of treason for curbing their growing influence. He was then sentenced to life imprisonment.
Kitter Chennamma was one of the female revolutionaries who fought before the rise of the 5th. She was the queen of the royal family of the princely state of Karnataka. He led a battalion of soldiers to teach a lesson to the East India Company. Lieutenants Sangoli Raina and Chennamma adopted the guerrilla war. The British army had either escaped or escaped in a fierce battle.
K. M. Scribe:
He was a follower of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad III, Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. K M. Munshi’s protests often led to his imprisonment. He was a member of the Indian National Congress as well as the Swaraj Party. He took part in Gandhi’s Quit India movement as well as the Satyagraha of salt. His full name was Kanhaiyalal Manekalal Munshi. He founded the “Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.”
She is known as a social reformer and freedom fighter. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay sought to elevate the social and economic status of Indian women. She played an essential role in the sweet satyagraha of Gandhiji. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was a necessary representative of the Congress Socialist Party. Shortly afterwards, Kamaladevi became the party’s president. She was arrested in Mumbai for selling prohibited goods.
He was a poet. He inspired thousands of freedom fighters and revolutionaries through his poetry and lyrics to fight the British rule. They participated spontaneously in the civil disobedience movement. His participation in this movement and his revolutionary poems also led to his imprisonment.
N. G. Ranga:
He took inspiration from the movements started by Mahatma Gandhi. N. G. Ranga led a group of farmers in protest in 1979. He is regarded as one of the leading revolutionaries in the Indian peasant movement.
U. S. Tirot Singh:
He had led a group of coughing people. He contributed to the task of maintaining the coughing mountains that the English wanted to capture. Due to the lack of military force, he used the guerrilla force to attack the British army. Tirot Singh’s attack on the English outpost triggered the Anglo-coughing war.
Abdul Hafiz Mohammad Barkatullah:
His name comes from the revolutionaries who fought abroad. He was a co-founder of the Gadar Party. The party operated out of San Francisco. He also published his articles in a newspaper in England.
He was the personal secretary of Mahatma Gandhi. He is known as an essential freedom fighter. Along with Gandhi, he participated in most of the protests like salt satyagraha, Bardoli satyagraha. They were arrested for participating in the protest. He was one of the members attending the Second Round Conference. After he met King George V, Mahatma became a close associate of Gandhi.
He was a prominent revolutionary of the Jugantar group. The group killed many English officers. The blazing wheels were the responsibility of killing English officers, such as Kingsford and Sir Joseph Baumfield. Khushir Chase accidentally killed Khydiram Bose, the wife, and daughter of Kingsford, in an attempt to kill Kingsford.
He is known for his revolutionary work, also known as “Gandhi Buri”. One of these senior women was revolutionary. He protested with only two volunteer revolutionaries when he was only three years old. At this time British police opened fire in which Matangini Hazra was killed. They spoke “Vande Mataram” till their last breath.
He fired five rounds of pistols at the then Governor of Bengal, Stanley Jackson. But missing their target saved Stanley Jackson briefly. In this case, he faced imprisonment for more than nine years. He was later arrested again because of protests in the Quit India Movement.
Bhagwati Charan Vohra:
He was a close associate of Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagwati, Sukhdev. In 1949 he rented a house and converted it into a bomb factory for revolutionary purposes. They tried to bomb a car that was travelling Lord Irwin. However, Lord Irwin survived the attack.
It was a representative in the plot to assassinate Lord Hardinge. In this case, a group of revolutionaries bombed Lord Hardinge’s horse carriage. In which Hardinge was briefly rescued and managed to escape from the injured position. However, the driver was killed on the spot. Brother Balmukund was arrested in this incident.
Sohan Singh Josh:
Renowned author Sohan Singh worked for Kirti. He tried to present Bhagat Singh’s revolutionary ideas to the world in this paper. He was also the founder of the communist newspaper “Jung e Azadi”. His groundbreaking work led him to three years in prison.
Sohan Singh Bhakna:
Sohan Singh Bhakna, a vital member of the Gadar conspiracy, was also the party’s president. He participated in the Ghadar cartel to launch attacks from all over India (Pan Indian). Sohan Singh Bhakna also worked for a while in the Communist Party of India. He was imprisoned for two years for participating in the Gadar conspiracy.
C. F. Andrews:
Charles Freer Andrews British leaders struggled for Indian civil rights in Africa for some time. This is what led Mahatma Gandhi to India. The thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi inspired him. He became a good friend of Mahatma Gandhi. He contributed to the Indian independence struggle.
He was the first Indian to raise his voice against the British rule at the Indian National Congress convention in Allahabad. Hasrat Mohini was a co-founder of the Communist Party. He was a unique poet and writer. Hasrat Mohini was often imprisoned for writing and promoting against British rule.
Tarak Nath Das:
It was a formidable revolutionary who fought differently. It was a wise and visionary revolutionary. They chose a more challenging and thorny way to liberate their country. He decided to go abroad for further education at a meeting in 1959. He left for higher education along with his colleague Jatindra Nath Mukherjee. However, their intention to leave the country was something else. He went on to acquire military knowledge in the western region. His other purpose was to support and create the leaders of the western states for the liberation of India.
Bhupendra Nath Datta:
He was arrested in 1949 for taking part in the Jugantar movement. He also served as editor of the famous revolutionary newspaper “Jugantar Magazine”. They were arrested for this. He then joined the “Ghadar Party”. Bhupendra Nath Datta also became secretary of the Indian Independence Committee. He had fought abroad for Indian independence from abroad.
About six years before the rise of the 5th, the Marutha brothers started a war against the British rule. Due to their efforts, the Marutha brothers succeeded in getting three districts out of British territory. But the British demanded additional troops from Britain to fight against them. On the strength of this army, the British defeated the Marouth brothers in two successive wars.
Shambhu Dutt Sharma:
Shambhu Dutt Sharma, a gazetted officer, abdicated his honour and took part in Gandhiji’s non-cooperation movement. They were arrested for participating in the movement. He continued his fight against corruption and other social wrongdoing in post-independence India.
Manmath Nath Gupta:
Manmath Nath Gupta, a renowned author, was well known for his writings and for the books he wrote. They strive for independence through their writing. He was also a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Manmath Nath Gupta was also involved in the Kakori robbery. He was sentenced to three years imprisonment for his participation. After his release from prison, he was arrested again in 1959 as he continued his revolutionary activities.
Bhagat Singh’s close ally Batukeshwar Dutt was an activist of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He was involved in a bomb blast in the Assembly on April 7, 1979. Batukeshwar fasted for gaining some rights to Indian political prisoners. They were also somewhat successful in this.
These freedom fighters participated in many revolutionary activities under the leadership of Surya Sen. Preetita Vaddar was involved in the attack on the European club in the afternoon. This club planted a bridge intended to insult the Indians. Preetilata Vadedar committed suicide by eating cyanide while being arrested in the attack.
He was a close associate of Surya Sen. Was a vital representative of the armed raids at Chittagong. He was also a member of the Jugantar Party. They were arrested because of their revolutionary work. After his imprisonment, he joined the Communist Party of India. They continued their fight until they attained independence.
Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee:
He was the co-founder of Hindustan Republican Association. Chatterjee also contributed to the Kakori Railway robbery. He was a member of the “Recommendation Committee” promoting the violent attitude of the revolutionaries. Became a member of the Rajya Sabha in post-independence India.
Barind Kumar Ghosh:
He was one of the leading members of the Jugantar Party. Barind Kumar Ghosh was also involved in the famous Alipur bombing. He published the weekly Jugantar to propagate revolutionary ideas. Barind Kumar Ghosh formed the Gupta group. The group was responsible for producing bombs in secret.
He was a close associate of Arvind Kumar Ghosh and Barind Kumar Kumar Ghosh. They also had a long way to set up a bomb factory in secret. He travelled to Paris to learn the art of bomb-making. He became one of many Russian friends in Paris. They learned a lot from them. After returning to India, he gave the art of making bombs to other freedom fighters.
He participated in many movements like Quit India Movement and Non-Cooperation Movement. Social change is an integral part of the anti-British movement. This feeling is always felt. He emphasized on social reforms. Like a good social worker, he was a famous revolutionary. His revolutionary work also led to his arrest.
She was Surya Sen’s followers. Under the leadership of Surya Sen, Kalpana Dutt played a vital role in the raid at Chittagong. She joined Preitya Vaddar in the European club attack. He was often arrested for his revolutionary activities.
Binod Bihari Chaudhary:
He was an active member of the Jugantar Party. He was one of Surya Sen’s close associates. They also contributed to the Chittagong raid. The last living participant in that famous raid was a revolutionary.
He worked to relieve the injustice of the Indian Muslim community. He also joined Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who heads the Indian Muslim League.
He was a prominent Muslim leader. Shaukat was publishing revolutionary magazines. He had an invaluable contribution in creating a nurturing political environment for Muslims. Shaukat was impressed by Mahatma Gandhi’s thoughts. He was arrested for participating in revolutionary activities in many of his movements. Shaukat was one of the most important representatives of Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement.
He was an essential member of the Indian National Congress. Since he was a revolutionary, he protested against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He participated in the Quit India Movement. They were arrested during this movement. The British persecuted them while in prison. That’s what. Kamaraj was also his guide. He later became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu state in post-independence India.
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan:
He was one of the freedom fighters who opposed the partition of India. Khan Abdul was the sponsor of non-violence. He is also known as Bacha Khan. Abdul always dreamed of a secular country. In 1959, he launched the Khudai Khidmatgar movement. His ideology and principles were the same as that of Mahatma Gandhi. Therefore, he did his work in collaboration with Mahatma Gandhi.
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